Source: US Global Legal Monitor
(Oct. 2, 2020) On September 16, 2020, the governor of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, sanctioned Decree No. 4,731-R (p. 45) regulating Law No. 11,135 (p. 9), of June 2, 2020, which established a fine for those who publish false news about epidemics, endemic diseases, or pandemics in the state.
According to article 2 of the Decree, the willful dissemination, by electronic or similar means, of false news about epidemics, endemic diseases, or pandemics in the state constitutes a health violation under Law No. 6,066 of December 30, 1999, which governs the state’s health system and establishes infractions and penalties for administrative violations.
Article 1 of Law No. 11,135 provides that publishing such false information is punishable with a fine of up to R$700 (about US$124.50).
The Decree provides for the government to accept and process complaints of violations and determine infractions (arts. 3-6), and to monitor social media to identify instances of the spreading of false information regarding epidemics (art. 7).