MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –
Source: Destatis Federal Statistical Office
Significant decrease in registered arrivals and departures from March in connection with the corona pandemic
Press release No. 384 from October 1, 2020
WIESBADEN – According to preliminary results of the migration statistics, there were around 529,000 new arrivals and 455,000 departures across Germany’s borders in the first half of 2020. This results in a net immigration of 74,000 people. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), 748,000 new arrivals, 581,000 departures and a net immigration of 167,000 people were registered in the first half of 2019. This means that around 29% fewer people moved in and 22% fewer left in the first half of 2020 than in the same period of the previous year.
Number of immigrants from abroad from March to June 2020 42% below the previous year’s figure
The sharp decline is due in particular to the developments from March 2020 and thus coincides with the global restrictions caused by the corona pandemic. In January and February 2020, the arrivals and departures deviated only slightly from the values observed in January and February 2019 (-4% for arrivals, -1% for departures compared to January to February 2019). In contrast, the number of immigrants in the period from March to June 2020 was 208,000 or 42% below the value from March to June 2019. The number of people moving out between March and June 2020 fell by 126,000 or 32%. The biggest decrease in the number of arrivals and departures was in April 2020 (-60% for new arrivals and -47% for departures compared to April 2019).
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In particular, restricted travel options due to the corona pandemic or economic effects may have prevented or postponed planned immigration or emigration. In addition, a delayed recording of migration cases can play a role in the monthly development. For example, due to measures such as restrictions in public traffic by the registration authorities, arrivals and departures were registered with a time delay and in some cases reported in later reporting months.
Largest share of immigrants from other European countries
With 365,000, most of the immigrants in the first half of 2020 came from other European countries – 282,000 of them from EU-27 countries – well ahead of Asia (56,000) and America (24,000). Compared to the first half of 2019, around 29% fewer arrivals from other European countries, 41% fewer arrivals from Asia and 32% fewer arrivals from America were registered in the first six months of 2020. Most of the emigrations in the first half of 2020 took place in other European countries (299,000, -23% compared to the first half of 2019), of which 242,000 were in EU-27 countries. The number of people leaving to Asia fell by 35,000 or -23%, and to America by 20,000 or -17%.
Decline also in migration between the federal states in March and April 2020
In the first half of 2020, 435,000 migrations were registered within Germany across the borders of the federal states. This was 51,000 or 10% less than in the first half of 2019. While migration between the federal states in January and February 2020 was almost the same as in the same period of the previous year, a significant decrease was recorded in March and April. In March 2020, 32% fewer migrations were registered between the federal states than in March 2019, in April the value was 29% below the same month last year. In contrast to external migration, migration between the federal states in May (-2%) and June 2020 (+ 8%) almost reached or exceeded the level of the previous months. As with external migration, both the corona-related restrictions and the delays in the registration of migration cases can have different regional effects on the monthly development of migration between the federal states.
The migration statistics show the immigration and emigration of people who have been registered or de-registered with the competent registration authorities in accordance with the legal regulations. The statistics include migratory movements across the borders of Germany (external migration) as well as migratory movements across municipal boundaries within Germany (internal migration).
Migration cases reported later due to the corona situation are sometimes only shown in the migration statistics in later reporting months (catch-up effect). This “lockdown effect” on migration statistics can differ depending on regional restrictions or regulations.
You can find more data on external migration by months in the Table 12711-0008 in the GENESIS-Online database.
German EU Council Presidency in the field of statistics Since July 1, the Federal Statistical Office has been in charge of the EU Council Presidency under the chairmanship of President Dr. Georg Thiel the Council Working Group on Statistics. We provide information about our activities during the EU Council Presidency on the special page www.destatis.de/eu2020.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.