MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
At the meeting, held in the videoconference mode, the progress of the Far Eastern regions’ implementation of the indicators of the national projects “Housing and Urban Environment” and “Safe and High-Quality Highways” was considered.
As Yuri Trutnev noted, opening the meeting, the Government, on behalf of the head of state, continues to work on the development of the Far East. “Today the Russian Far East is a leader in attracting investments. 30% of foreign direct investment is in the Far East. To date, 2551 investment projects are being implemented with government support with a total investment of more than 5 trillion rubles and the creation of 177 thousand new jobs. This work will be carried out in the coming years. Already today, 342 enterprises have been built with the support of the state, in which 285 billion rubles have actually been invested. The total investment in the Far East amounted to 1.3 trillion rubles. 22 territories of advanced development, the free port of Vladivostok are successfully functioning, state support for large investment projects is being carried out, the Far Eastern Hectare program is being implemented, and preferential Far Eastern mortgages are being provided, ”he said.
At the same time, according to Yuri Trutnev, over a number of decades, the Far East has been developed practically on a rotational basis, which has led to a significant lag in comparison with other Russian regions in the quality of medical services, education, the state of highways, and other infrastructure necessary for people’s lives. … To solve these problems, in accordance with the presidential decree, the Government on September 24 approved National program for the socio-economic development of the Far East for the period until 2024 and for the future until 2035… “The most important task of the program is to achieve indicators for each Far Eastern constituent entity by 2024 not lower than the national average. This work will be carried out in all directions, ”the Deputy Prime Minister stressed.
During the meeting, indicators of housing commissioning, progress in the implementation of the Stimulus program, implementation of resettlement programs from hazardous housing, issues of mortgage lending were discussed; the ways of solving the problems of defrauded equity holders were considered.
“On the past meeting of the State Council new tasks for the construction of housing and roads have been identified, indicators have been approved that need to be achieved in the long term until 2024 and in the long term until 2030. The President paid special attention to housing construction. We will all deal with this issue together. The task was set – to build 0.82 sq. m of housing per person. I believe that the Far East has colossal potential. The plans that exist in the Far East today are understated. In Vladivostok and Primorye, it is necessary to build one meter per person annually. It is necessary to set such a task. Other regions need to tune in to this indicator. We need to support everyone who wants to build, from individual housing construction to large projects, ”Marat Khusnullin emphasized.
A positive impact on the construction industry of the Far Eastern Mortgage program was noted, thanks to which young families can get a preferential mortgage loan at 2% per annum. As of September 24, 2020, almost 45 thousand applications were received, of which 68% have already been approved. A preferential mortgage loan has already been received by 11.1 thousand families in the amount of 39.2 billion rubles (the average loan amount was 3.51 million rubles). “The Far Eastern Federal District is in first place in terms of mortgage growth. The growth is 22%, while the national average growth is 11%. This was facilitated by the Far Eastern Mortgage program. A good managerial decision was made, and people can now receive a preferential mortgage loan, ”Marat Khusnullin said.
In the Far East, a mortgage lending program is being implemented with state support at 6.5% per annum. “There are many applications for preferential mortgages in the Far Eastern Federal District, but a little more than 30% were approved and issued. People have the opportunity to improve their living conditions primarily in the capital cities of the regions. Taking into account the generated demand, banks need to consider applications faster, and developers need to improve the quality of projects in which people plan to buy an apartment, ”explained Nikita Stasishin, Deputy Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities.
The importance of conducting a systemic urban planning policy was noted. According to Yuri Trutnev, architectural councils have not been formed in most regions of the Far East, and there is often no position of chief architects of cities. “The urban planning policy is carried out according to the principle: where an empty piece of land was found, something was built there. There is no necessary architectural study, there is no thought that it is necessary to use unique natural landscapes and inscribe architectural complexes into them. A change in this situation, the formation of a well-thought-out urban planning policy would create more grounds for people to be proud of their cities, which means they plan to continue living and working in the Far East, ”the Deputy Prime Minister explained.
“It is necessary to radically reconsider approaches to the management of housing construction, to form headquarters for the management of construction projects. Gather investors, gather networkers, look for architects, teach them, use plots of land. A huge number of legislative initiatives have come out that make it possible for those who want to work to work. All existing mechanisms must be used. The law allows you to take any territory of the city, make a simplified version of the general plan and do what is determined. There are all the opportunities for work, ”said Marat Khusnullin.
The attention of the heads of regions was drawn to the possibility of attracting project financing for housing construction through infrastructure bonds. “For regions where there are major housing construction projects, we will be ready, together with the Ministry of Finance, to increase the amount of possible allowable debt by about 10 years for infrastructure bonds,” Marat Khusnullin said.
The issues of resettlement of citizens from hazardous housing were discussed. Currently, the share of dilapidated and dilapidated housing in the total housing stock of the Far East is 2.5 times higher than the national average (6% in the Far Eastern Federal District, 2.4% in the Russian Federation). The President of Russia set and reflected in the National Program the tasks of increasing the annual volume of housing construction by 1.6 times (from 2.5 to 3.3 million square meters in 2024), reducing the number of unfit for habitation by 3.5 times , resettlement of 1.7 million sq. m of emergency housing. As Marat Khusnullin recalled, a law was introduced to the State Duma aimed at resettlement of emergency housing. The adoption of the law will make it possible to accelerate the resettlement of emergency housing both with the mechanism of budgetary funds and with the involvement of extra-budgetary sources. By decision of the head of state, this year, within the framework of the national project “Housing and Urban Environment”, an additional 50 billion rubles were allocated for resettlement from hazardous housing. The funds will be able to receive those regions that will be ahead of the implementation of the resettlement program.
The Minister of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation Vladimir Yakushev reported on the implementation of the program to stimulate lending for housing construction within the framework of the state program “Provision of affordable and comfortable housing and utilities for citizens of the Russian Federation”. The Stimul program is being implemented in four Far Eastern regions – the Amur Region, the Republic of Buryatia, the Khabarovsk Territory, and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The best indicators are shown by the Amur Region (80% of the program implementation).
The Ministry of Construction of Russia, together with the heads of the Far Eastern regions, was instructed to revise the key indicators for the implementation of the Housing and Urban Environment national project, taking into account the tasks set by the President to increase the volume of housing construction, data from the expanded meeting of the Presidium of the State Council.
The state of the road network was also discussed at the meeting. “This issue is traditionally one of the three most painful issues for the Far Eastern regions. The density of the road network in the Far East is 25 times lower than the corresponding figures in the European part of Russia. The lack of roads leads to a decrease in transport accessibility, difficulties in solving vital issues, and often even in obtaining medical care. Moreover, even those roads that have been built are often in an unsatisfactory condition. Almost 60% of regional roads in the constituent entities of the Okrug do not meet regulatory requirements. More than 2.5 thousand investment projects are being implemented with the help of state support in the Far East. For many of them, the lack of highways is a significant obstacle to implementation, ”said Yuri Trutnev.
“Those regions that were ready to exceed the volume of road construction received additional funds this year. Next year we will have the same option. Based on this, I ask all regional leaders to calculate three-year plans for the construction of the road network. Look at your plans for 2021 and estimate how much money you can use and for which facilities in 2022–2023. Submit all relevant information to Rosavtodor so that when we distribute funding, you will receive additional working capital for road construction, ”said Marat Khusnullin.
The meeting was attended by Maxim Stepanov, Director of the Department for Regional Infrastructure Development of the Russian Government, Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities Vladimir Yakushev, Deputy Minister of Economic Development Sergey Galkin, Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East and the Arctic Vasily Nagibin, Deputy Head of the Federal Road Agency Igor Kostyuchenko, Deputy Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities Nikita Stasishin, Director General of the State Corporation – Fund for Assistance to Reform of Housing and Utilities Sector Konstantin Tsitsin, Director General of the Fund for the Protection of the Rights of Citizens – Participants in Shared Construction, Deputy Director General of Dom.RF JSC Denis Filippov, Heads of the Far Eastern Regions.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.