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They will be installed in memory of Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Vladimir Kokkinaki, Vladimir Alkhimov, Ivan Tsapov and Viktor Yudin.

On December 31, memorial plaques to the heroes of the Soviet Union Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Vladimir Kokkinaki, Vladimir Alkhimov, Ivan Tsapov and Viktor Yudin will appear in Moscow. This order was signed by Sergei Sobyanin.

Cosmonaut Nikolai Rukavishnikov

A memorial plaque in memory of Nikolai Rukavishnikov (1932-2002) will be installed at the address: Khovanskaya street, house 3.

Nikolai Rukavishnikov graduated from the Faculty of Electronic Computing Devices and Automation Means of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute in 1957 and received the qualification of an engineer-physicist with a degree in dielectrics and semiconductors. He worked in a special design bureau No. 1 (OKB-1) under the direction of Sergei Korolev. Now this institution is called the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia named after S.P. Queen.

From July 1957 he worked on one of the first Soviet computers “Ural”. He also designed, developed and installed automatic control systems for nuclear reactors, was engaged in their testing and protection. In October 1964 he became the head of the group for the development of control and management systems for spacecraft using computers.

In 1967 he was enlisted in the Soviet cosmonaut corps. Completed a full training course for flights aboard Soyuz-type spacecraft and Salyut-type orbital stations. He was a member of a group of cosmonauts who were trained according to the Soviet programs for flying around the moon on the Soyuz spacecraft (7K-L1) and landing on it of the L3 spacecraft.

Nikolai Rukavishnikov made three flights into space and flew nine days 21 hours 10 minutes and 35 seconds.

The first flight took place on April 23-25, 1971. Nikolai Rukavishnikov became the first test engineer of the Soyuz-10 spacecraft. After the completion of the flight, the night landing of the spacecraft was made for the first time.

Second flight – December 2-8, 1974. Nikolai Rukavishnikov flew as a flight engineer of the Soyuz-16 spacecraft. During the flight, tests were carried out on a docking station created under the Soyuz-Apollo program.

April 10-12, 1979 – the third flight (Soviet-Bulgarian). Nikolay Rukavishnikov – commander of the Soyuz-33 spacecraft. During the rendezvous with the Salyut-6 station, 16 kilometers from it, the ship’s engines spontaneously shut down. As a result, Nikolai Rukavishnikov, for the first time in history, landed a spaceship on Earth manually in emergency mode.

For the first two flights, Nikolai Rukavishnikov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and for the third – the title of Hero of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria.

After leaving the cosmonaut corps, he worked as deputy head of the NPO Energia department. He headed the USSR and Russian Federation of Cosmonautics for almost 20 years: from 1981 to 1999. In 1999, he was elected Honorary President of the Federation. He died in Moscow on October 19, 2002.

Test pilot Vladimir Kokkinaki

A memorial plaque in memory of Vladimir Kokkinaki (1904-1985) will be installed at the address: Leningradsky prospect, 50.

Vladimir Kokkinaki graduated from the Leningrad Military-Theoretical School of the Air Force in 1928, and in 1930 from the Borisoglebsk Military Aviation Pilot School. He served in combat units of the Air Force of the Moscow Military District. In April – December 1931 he worked as an instructor pilot at the Leningrad Military Theoretical School of the Air Force.

On April 20, 1936, Vladimir Kokkinaki for the first time in the world performed Nesterov’s loop on a TsKB-30 heavy twin-engined bomber.

On June 27-28, 1938, on a TsKB-30 “Moscow” plane with navigator Alexander Bryandinsky, he made a non-stop flight from Moscow to Spassk-Dalny in the Primorsky Territory. Its length is 7580 kilometers. The flight lasted 24 hours 36 minutes. A speed record was set in a two-seater plane and at the same time a new shortest route from Moscow to the shores of the Pacific Ocean was laid. For the performance of this flight, Vladimir Kokkinaki was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

On April 28-29, 1939, on a TsKB-30 “Moscow” aircraft with navigator Mikhail Gordienko, he made a non-stop flight from Moscow to Miskou Island in Canada with a length of eight thousand kilometers.

During the Great Patriotic War, he supervised the testing of new aircraft.

In 1957, Vladimir Kokkinaki was awarded the second title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

On January 2, 1963, the crew under the command of Vladimir Kokkinaki made the first test flight on the Il-62 liner.

In 1965, the International Air Transport Association awarded Vladimir Kokkinaki with the Diamond Wind Rose Pioneer Chain for finding the shortest air route between Europe and America.

Vladimir Kokkinaki holds 20 world records.

In the 1960s, he was vice president and president of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, and from 1968, Honorary President.

Chevalier of six Orders of Lenin, three Orders of the Red Banner, Orders of the Patriotic War of I and II degrees, four Orders of the Red Star, the Order of the October Revolution, Honored Test Pilot of the USSR, Honored Master of Sports of the USSR, Lenin Prize Laureate.

He died in Moscow on January 7, 1985. The name of Vladimir Kokkinaki is a street in the metropolitan area Airport, located between 8 Marta Street and Planetnaya Street.

Economist Vladimir Alkhimov

A memorial plaque in memory of Vladimir Alkhimov (1919-1993) will be installed at the address: Frunzenskaya embankment, house 50

Vladimir Alkhimov from 1935 to 1938 studied at the Smolensk Financial and Economic Technical School, specializing in state budget inspector. In 1938, as an excellent student, he was sent to study at the Leningrad Financial and Economic Institute.

In June 1941 he volunteered for the front. Graduated from an art school. He fought on the Leningrad, Western and 3rd Belorussian fronts.

On August 7, 1944, Vladimir Alkhimov, with the rank of guard lieutenant, distinguished himself in the battle for the settlement of Tupiki in Lithuania. When repelling a counterattack of 35 tanks, followed by infantry, he, being a fire spotter, called the division’s fire on himself. Six tanks were hit, the rest could not break through the barrage and turned back.

In 1945, Vladimir Alkhimov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for his courage and heroism in battles against the Nazi invaders.

Participated in the Soviet-Japanese War in 1945. In November 1946 he was demobilized from the Soviet army and returned to the institute, which he graduated a year later.

From 1947 to 1950 he was a student at the All-Union Academy of Foreign Trade, defended his dissertation on British banks and became a candidate of economic sciences.

For over 20 years he worked in the structure of the Ministry of Foreign Trade. From 1976 to 1986 he worked as the chairman of the board of the State Bank of the USSR.

Chevalier of two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, the Order of the Red Star, three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of the Badge of Honor, an honorary citizen of Smolensk.

He died in Moscow on January 9, 1993.

Military pilot Ivan Tsapov

A plaque in memory of Ivan Tsapov (1922–2011) will be installed at 39 Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street.

Ivan Tsapov graduated from the Serpukhov Military Aviation Pilot School and then served in the naval aviation. Since June 1941 he fought in the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet.

He took part in the defense of the Baltic States and Leningrad, breaking the blockade of Leningrad and the Vyborg operation. During the war, he flew 543 sorties in I-15 bis, I-153, LaGG-3 and La-5 fighters, personally and in a group shot down more than 20 enemy aircraft in air battles.

In 1944, Ivan Tsapov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for his courage and heroism in battles against the Nazi invaders.

In January 1945 he graduated from the Higher Officer Courses of the Navy Air Force. Since May 1945 – assistant commander of the fighter aviation regiment of the Pacific Fleet Air Force.

Ivan Tsapov took part in the Soviet-Japanese War in 1945 as an assistant commander of the 38th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Navy Air Force for flight training and air combat. He took part in the Seishin operation. He flew three sorties in a La-7 fighter.

After 1945 he continued to serve in the naval aviation. In 1960 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff. Then he served in the Air Defense Forces. Since October 1985 – in reserve.

Chevalier of the Order of Lenin, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Order of Alexander Nevsky, two Orders of the Patriotic War I degree, the Order of the Red Star, the Order “For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR” III degree.

He died in Moscow on April 24, 2011.

Front-line soldier Viktor Yudin

A plaque in memory of Viktor Yudin (1923-1985) will be installed at 39 Ostrovityanov Street.

Viktor Yudin went to the front in September 1941.

On April 18-21, 1945, Viktor Yudin, with the rank of senior lieutenant, distinguished himself in battles during the crossing of the Oder River in the Greifenhagen area (now the Polish city of Gryfino). After the crossing, the company under his command captured the bridgehead, repelling enemy counterattacks.

Viktor Yudin’s company was part of the 194th Infantry Regiment, 162nd Infantry Division, 70th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front.

In 1945, Viktor Yudin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for exemplary fulfillment of combat missions by the command on the front of the struggle against the Nazi invaders and for the courage and heroism shown at the same time.

Chevalier of the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner, two Orders of the Patriotic War, 1st degree.

After the war, he worked on the restoration of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Station. In 1950 he graduated from the Higher School of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Worked in trade union and financial work.

He died in Moscow on November 22, 1985.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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