MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russia –
Source: Russia – Council of the Federation
The reform of 2000, when the heads of regions and Legislative Assemblies in the Federation Council were replaced by “professional” senators, made it possible to ensure purity in the implementation of the key constitutional principle – the principle of separation of powers, said RIA Novosti on Wednesday, Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko.
On August 5, 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a new law “On the procedure for forming the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation”. The document entered into force on August 8, 2000. Earlier, the upper house of parliament included the heads of the regions and the chairmen of the legislative assemblies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, who were additionally assigned the duties of a senator. Now each subject of the Russian Federation in the upper house is represented by two people: a senator from the executive and a senator from the legislative branch.
“The fundamental choice: what should the Federation Council be like, who should work in it – governors and heads of legislative assemblies or their representatives – was made exactly 20 years ago. I think that Russian President Vladimir Putin, introducing – in the very first weeks after his inauguration in May 2000 – the relevant law in the State Duma, was guided by purely practical considerations, “said the legislator. According to V. Matvienko, Matvienko Valentina Ivanovna is a representative the authorities of the city of St. Petersburg, of course, by gathering the “top” of the regional elite in the Federation Council, “we increased its representativeness”. But all this mattered only on the days of meetings, the speaker noted. “For the governor, the head of the regional legislative body, no matter how they tried to be“ full-fledged ”senators, nevertheless the Federation Council was not the main place of work and, therefore, the applications of all of them effort. They simply did not have the opportunity to delve into, for example, the work of the committee, and even the essence of the laws considered by the chamber. In any case, our regional problems were in the foreground, ”the politician said.
“Reformatting” of the Federation Council “ensured cleanliness in the implementation of the key constitutional principle – the principle of separation of powers”
In addition, the “reformatting” of the Federation Council “ensured cleanliness in the implementation of the key constitutional principle – the principle of separation of powers,” Matvienko stressed. “Strictly speaking, the approval of federal laws by the governors – representatives of the executive power – looked like legal nonsense,” the parliamentarian explained. According to her, the law of August 5, 2000 provided such a procedure for the formation of the chamber, in which representatives of the regions in the Federation Council appeared on a permanent basis “I believe that a ‘professional’ senator gives his best in the upper house of parliament. This is not an elective, not a part-time job – this is a separate type of political activity that requires special skills. Over the past 20 years, we have seen how effectively such a system works in every sense, “the speaker noted. Moreover, the fact that the Federation Council has become a recognized platform for promoting people who have proven themselves at the federal level is” another proof of the correctness of the decision adopted two decades ago, ”concluded Valentina Matvienko.
Source: RIA Novosti
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation from Russian Language to English.