MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Experts will work, in particular, on the territory of the Novodevichy convent, the cinema “Art” and the former Pottery settlement in Sauze.
Due to the introduction of high alert season work of archaeologists started later, according to the head of the Department of cultural heritage, it will not affect the number of sites for excavation. This year, as before, there will be about 200. The most important are at the intersection of Bolshaya Polyanka and Staromonetny pereulok in Kitai-Gorod in the former Warm trading rows on the territory of the Novodevichy convent, the cinema “Art” and the former Pottery settlement in Sauze. At the moment the Ministry of culture of Russia has already issued 12 open sheets, allowing to conduct archaeological excavations.
Barrows, settlements and settlement
Will work in 2020 on the territory of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas. Experts will study the village Stolbovo-1. It is revealed, an archaeological heritage site located in the settlement Sosenskiy.
In General, these administrative areas is 179 of objects of archaeological heritage (one object of Federal importance and 178 of found objects of archaeological heritage). Among them are settlements (dated to the periods in the period from XII to XVIII century) and mounds (XII–XIII century) and of the settlement. The earliest settlement dates back to the II century BC. All facilities are in satisfactory condition. Only in 2020, archaeologists have discovered four new barrow middle of the XII — beginning of XIII century, presumably belonging to the Vyatichi. According to experts, this is a rare case and a great success. Experts believe that around these burial structures was a settlement. Its precise location archaeologists have yet to determine.
From a lump of leather in women’s slipper
The head of Moscow cultural heritage Department presented one of the restored finds, work on which was completed recently. Experts have restored women’s leather Shoe from the early XIX century, which was found in Zamoskvorechye in 2017. When detected, it was a lump of skin, which was then gently straightened, cleared and superimposed on a cloth base. It is also known that some fragments of shoes was red, but it is impossible to determine what it was. The length of the resulting flat shoes similar to balamku is 22 cm (modern 34-35 gauge).
“We often talk about how archeologists work in the winter. In some cases, work is being done in the excavation, but they require special training. So most of the time to restoring already made findings. The process is divided into two stages: processing, when the ground is removed, and the restoration, which may take from weeks to several years depending on the complexity of the findings and its condition. Over the past three years experts have handled more than 40 thousand archaeological finds. From the beginning of 2020 in the work of the specialists is about 7.5 thousand artifacts. And in museums over the last three years received 21 797 artifacts,” said Alexey Emelyanov.
Also finished and ready to be shipped to museums even more finds. They were found during excavations on Pyatnitskaya street and Gogol Boulevard in 2019.
The stringmaster is a small bracelet of white metal nineteenth-century white clay pipe of Dutch style of the XVIII century, a two-pronged fork beginning of the XVIII century, glass bead Russian handicraft of the eighteenth century, fragments of tiles with smooth painted story murals depicting the ladies of the mid-eighteenth century, a fragment of a relief tile of the early XVIII century depicting a female head crowned, a ring-signet of the XVII century, link jewelry and cufflink with glass inserts XIX century, a pair of buckles of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, pectoral medallion with the image of St. Nicholas and of our lady of Kazan, fondant banks in the second half of XVIII — early XIX century.
“: A signet ring with the image of a Griffin or Semargl — a curious artifact: it was replaced by its owner with the signature, as each was its own individual character. A fragment of a Dutch pipe kept the mark of the manufacturer — the number 44 and the crown. Every year archaeologists find around 2,500 different tubes. Are the finding clearly is of foreign origin, as a fork: they are, in all probability, were brought from Europe in the XVIII century. The fact that in the pre-Petrine era of the fork especially is not used in everyday life, and Smoking tobacco at all was frowned upon,” — said Alexey Emelyanov.
Archaeologists have restored the artifacts found on Pyatnitskaya street History of a crime: in the center of Moscow found the old safe, with signs of hacking Fondant jars, horseshoes and stove tiles: what else have you found during research on Moskvoretskaya embankment In Kostyanskiy lane found a coin hoard from the reign of Peter I
The Neolithic in the virtual exhibition
The Department of cultural heritage announced the first virtual archaeological exhibition “Finds of Moscow archeologists”. The site presents the best artifacts discovered over the past 10 years during the survey, including the programme of improvement. Visitors of the virtual exhibition can see about 50 items in the “Toys”, “household Items”, “Stove tiles”, “Finds of the stone age”, “Religious paraphernalia”, “Coins and stamps”, “Treasures.” The earliest finds belong to the Neolithic period (4000-3500 years BC), and the latest date from the early twentieth century.
Among the exhibits — bone wrote (XV–XVII century)
Each artifact is accompanied by a photograph and description stating the age and place where the find was discovered. The exhibition will be regularly updated with new items.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.