MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Where at the gates of the Neglinnaya appeared lions, where did the pug from “tsarina’s” and where to look for a triumphal arch in the Tverskaya Zastava.
It is believed that the tradition to set up the triumphal arch was laid in Russia, the Emperor Peter I. the First such structures appeared in 1696. Their construction was timed to the return of troops from the Azov campaign. In 1709, in honor of the victory in the battle of Poltava the city was decorated with triumphal arches family.
The Area Of Tverskaya Zastava
In 1834, on the square of Tverskaya Zastava appeared majestic arc de Triomphe — it was faced with white stone, decorated with sculptures and surmounted by a chariot in which the goddess of victory, Nike.
Before this place was a wooden gate, which was built in 1814 to the return of Russian troops from Paris. A new project was created by decree of Emperor Nicholas I by the architect Osip Bove. On the gate was placed an inscription stating that erected in honor of the “Savior of the Fatherland” Alexander I.
Arch managed to catch and XX century: at the turn of the century under its vault held electric tram. In 1936 the arch was dismantled, and in the mid-1960s, decided to rebuild in a new place, on Kutuzovsky Prospekt. Items of furniture were recreated from old photographs and drawings. Helped re-enactors and the author’s copy of the arch, which was kept in the Museum of architecture. In a few decades during the restoration, around the gate smashed the flower bed and installed decorative lighting.
Main entrance VDNKH
During city celebrations, the arch of the main entrance of VDNKH is becoming a platform for the music show. But in fact, it is a symbol of the victory of Soviet people in the great Patriotic war. It was erected in the 1950-ies by the author project of the architect of innocent Melchakova. The building is decorated with six pairs of columns, at the top of the figure of the tractor and collective farmers. By the way, if you pass the arch, then immediately opens a beautiful view to the Main Avenue and the Central pavilion.
Gorky Park’s main entrance
Another legendary arch can be found if you walk down the street Krymsky Val, next to the Park “Muzeon” and the embankment of the Moscow river. Miss construction would be challenging because it is the Central entrance in Gorky Park.
Inside the arch there is a small Museum of the history of the Park, and an observation deck, which offers views of the Sparrow hills, a model of the Shukhov and Ostankino towers and high-rise Ministry of foreign Affairs.
On the banks of the Neglinka river in the middle of the XVI century, established the gate. They perform a protective function: they are locked at night and opened with the coming of the day when I started trade in local shops.
The townspeople called the gate in different ways, but most often by the name of the river Neglinnaya. There was a second name — Curatenie, as they stood at the chicken river, that is the channel. In addition, it was the third name is the Lion’s gate. The fact that Ivan the terrible ordered for some time to post at the gate of lions — the gift of king Philip, so everyone can enjoy stunning gift.
In the XVII century Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich met at the gate of mount Athos sent with a copy of the Iveron mother of God. According to legend, the miraculous image was postponed several times to the gates of the Iviron monastery and, therefore, called a Porter. Russian Tsar decided not to break tradition, he took the list icon at Neglinnaya gate and here was commissioned to build the chapel. Since then, another name for the gates of Iveron. In the Soviet era, the gate was dismantled, and in 1990-e years they restored and named Voskresenskii.
The notched gates of the Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno”
Unusual arch can be found in the Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno”. The notched gate is one of the first buildings of the architect Vasily Bazhenov in the birthplace of the Empress Catherine the great, they separate part of the Palace from the Park. At delicate arch “is inscribed” a bunch of grapes, on the sides by two turrets with scalloped tops reminiscent of a Royal crown.
Before the decoration of the gate was even more romantic: vases, cupids and a pair of figures of pugs, one of them is now kept in the Museum of architecture named after A.V. Shchusev.
The historic Red gate in Moscow, was built on the orders of Peter I on the occasion of the victory in the battle of Poltava. Several times they were burned, but restored them for special occasions — for example, for the coronation of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. There are several versions of the origin of the name of the gate: they could get it after the reconstruction, when the newly turned red, that is beautiful as well as because of the fact that was painted with red paint, or maybe just because were in the Red village.
In 1750-ies, the gate was reconstructed in stone by the architect Dmitry Ukhtomsky. But in 1927 they decided to carry, because they impede the movement of public transport.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.