Source: United States House of Representatives – Congressman Josh Harder (CA-10)
Damning Report Shows 82 Percent of Nursing Homes Lacked Proper Infection Protocols in Years Leading up to Coronavirus
WASHINGTON – In response to a shocking report from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) showing that more than three-quarters of nursing homes neglect to follow proper infection protocol, Representative Josh Harder contacted the agency responsible for regulating nursing homes, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), to ask for answers and urge immediate action. The GAO report indicated that 82 percent of nursing homes failed to observe basic hygiene practices, including handwashing, for at least one year between 2013-2017 with many repeat offenders on the list in consecutive years. In the lead up to the Coronavirus Pandemic, existing issues at nursing homes put residents at greater risk for infection. CMS neglected to implement much-needed enforcement and accountability actions which has led to a horrific death rate at these facilities. One nursing home in Rep. Harder’s district has been the source of more than half of the deaths in the region.
“We’ve known for a while that nursing homes are the epicenter of this crisis and that CMS has been asleep at the wheel,” said Rep. Harder. “Now we know that the problems with oversight have been an issue for much, much longer. We need CMS to do its job and make sure our seniors and nursing home staff are safe.”
Representative Harder is a leader in efforts to protect nursing home residents and staff during the Coronavirus Pandemic. In early May, after CMS announced it would form a task force which would not meet until June, Harder demanded faster action and a better response from the agency. He also recently introduced the Nursing Home Pandemic Safety Act, which would guarantee universal testing for all nursing home residents and staff.
The text of the letter is below and an original version is available here.
Dear Administrator Verma,
I write today to urge you to immediately address the safety deficiencies in nursing homes across the country to protect our seniors – our most vulnerable population during this pandemic. A recent report highlights the inadequate infection control practices at nursing homes in the years leading up to the COVID-19 pandemic—it is clear your agency failed to address these early warning signs and now it is imperative for you to act immediately.
On May 20,2020, Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report revealing that 82 percent of nursing homes lacked adequate infection control practices during one or more years between 2013 and 2017. These deficiencies include lacking basic hygiene practices, such as handwashing among staff or the lack of preventive protocol measures during disease outbreaks. Nearly 50 percent of facilities found to have these deficiencies were cited in following years—many of these facilities, including those cited as repeat offenders, never received an enforcement action imposed on them from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) meaning these nursing homes had an opportunity to correct their deficiencies before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is particularly alarming since nursing homes have been at the epicenter of COVID-19 exposures and deaths.
While less than 0.62 percent of Americans are housed in nursing homes or assisted living facilities, a staggering 43 percent of all COVID-19 deaths have occurred in these facilities. These troubling figures are no different in my district where more than half of the COVID-19 deaths in Stanislaus County have occurred in a single nursing home.
This report underscores the unfortunate reality that your agency ignored red flags resulting in nursing homes being unprepared to combat this pandemic. Had these issues been addressed earlier, including putting in place the proper enforcement and accountability measures, nursing homes would be better equipped to handle this health crisis. Given the urgency of this issue, I inquire the following:
• What is your agency doing to ensure nursing homes take the proper steps to include infection control and preventative COVID-19 exposure measures?
• How is your agency responding to nursing homes that are found to lack adequate infection control practices, including repeat offenders?
• What concrete steps is CMS taking to ensure nursing homes are safe for our seniors and employees who live and work in nursing homes?
Too many families have suffered the loss of a parent, grandparent, or elderly loved one at a nursing home. The American people deserve better and now is the time for agency to act and ensure our nursing homes are adequate homes for our elderly to live, especially during these challenging times.
Thank you, Administrator Verma, for your attention to this critical matter.