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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Deutschland –

Source: Destatis-Federal Statistical Office

Press release no 194, 29. May 2020

WIESBADEN – In April 2020, according to preliminary results, at least 82 of the 246 people in Germany have died. As the Federal Statistical office (Destatis) further reports, the 8 % ( 5 942 cases) more than the average of the four previous years. More than 80 000 deaths in April, there were in Germany in the year 1977.

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In the 18. Calendar week (27. April to 3. May 2020), so the week, for the Moment, the latest death figures are not available, died in Germany, at least 17 312 people. Thus, the mortality numbers of cases are compared to the previous week (20. to 26. April) to 799 cases have decreased, they are still about 2% above the average for the years 2016 to 2019. In comparison to the each of the years in the case of death are this week’s numbers, in a span of 3 % over the Figures of the 2018 and about 1 % on the values of 2017. The increased death numbers for the 13. Calendar week (23. up to 29. March). In the 15. Calendar week (6. to 12. April) was the deviation with 2 316 cases, or 13 % above the four year average is at its greatest.

The death numbers were from the 13. up to the 18. Calendar week, a total of 7 486 cases above the average for the four previous years. For the region, this development is dominated by three States. The Mortality number of cases exceeded in Bavaria 2 719 cases ( 18 %), in Baden-Württemberg 1 958 cases ( 16 %) and in North Rhine-Westphalia of 1 in 254 cases ( 5 %) of the average of the four previous years.

Death figures in Germany in the calendar weeks 13 to 18

KW 13
KW 14
KW 15
KW 16
KW 17
KW 18
KW 13-18
Data source COVID-19-deaths: Robert Koch Institute (as of: 27.05.2020)
2020 Total
19 527
20 412
20 209
18 952
18 111
17 312
114 523
Absolute difference to …

Ø 2016-2019
588
1 932
2 316
1 595
704
351
7 486
COVID-19-deaths
597
1 342
1 708
1 553
1 131
752
7 083
Relative difference to …

Ø 2016-2019
3 %
10 %
13 %
9 %
4 %
2 %
7 %
2016
5 %
12 %
14 %
13 %
6 %
2 %
9 %
2017
10 %
20 %
20 %
14 %
3 %
1 %
11 %
2018
-7 %
2 %
5 %
5 %
6 %
3 %
2 %
2019
6 %
10 %
14 %
5 %
1 %
2 %
6 %

Connection with Corona-pandemic obvious

These findings to a so-called excess mortality cover when looking at the absolute Numbers, with the data confirmed COVID-19-death cases reported to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). In the calendar weeks 13 to 18, a total of 7 083 persons, which confirms earlier laboratory COVID died, according to the RKI-19 were ill. The temporal evolution was also nearly parallel: Both the deviation from the average in the total numbers as well as the number of COVID-19-of the deaths were in the 15. A calendar week is at its greatest. This does not mean, however, that all of the additionally counted cases died in the death statistics at COVID-19. Declines or increases in other causes of death can also have an effect on the total death numbers. The wave of Flu as a possible factor in this year already since the middle of March when finished. Typically, flu epidemics affect up to mid-April, the mortality.

Extent of the excess mortality in Germany is comparatively low

In a European comparison, the extent of the so-called excess mortality in Germany is comparatively low. The Statistical Office France for example, for the period from 1. March to the 20. April 2019, a 27% increased mortality from. The national Statistical office Italy (Istat) reported of a 49% increased mortality number of cases for March 2020, compared to the average of the years 2015 to 2019. The national Statistical Offices Belgium, In the UK the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Sweden the Switzerland and Spain note also the increased death numbers. In many countries, the previous peak has been exceeded and the magnitude of the excess mortality in Germany. No noticeable changes compared to previous years have been Norway and The Czech Republic observed.

The details of the here-mentioned countries are based on the respective national methods and temporal boundaries of the data. The part you are referring to the reporting date and not the actual date of death. Also, the proportions of missing messages are different and depend strongly on the proximity to the current date.

Methodological notes on the information for Germany:

Excess mortality according to the Definition used here is to die when a certain point in time in the course of the year, more and more people, as to be expected in the case of past years (here in the average of the years 2016 to 2019) would have been.

The impact of the current development in respect to the entire calendar year 2020, based on current data, not yet possible to assess. For a final classification of the excess mortality of the year as a whole needs to be considered history. In addition, the number of deaths must be set in relation to the population, for example, to the ageing of the population, adequately to involve.

Your own evaluations to the course of the year of the Death of the special evaluation are to be paid on the Basis of “Deaths – numbers of cases, after days, weeks, months, age groups and provinces for Germany in 2016 up to 2020” possible. For the years 2019 and 2020 first preliminary data will be presented. An average of the years 2016 to 2019 includes, therefore, both definitive as well as provisional data. In the preliminary data, it is a pure number count of the received in case of death, messages from the state offices, without the usual plausibility checks and completeness checks of the data.

By legal regulations for the notification of deaths to the Registrar’s office, and differences in the Reporting of the offices of the official statistics-to-date information on the number of deaths with a delay of about four weeks is possible. The delayed messages will increase the present results for the year 2020 slightly.

The provisional death figures refer to the date of death, not the date of Reporting. Since the reported COVID-19-deaths in the Management report of the RKI also after the date of death will be released, is a temporal comparison with the provisional total death figures are possible. The RKI included in this count only cases for which age, gender, and date of death are known.

More information on the special evaluation of the day-by-day the death of numbers you can find on the topic page “Mortality and life expectancy” as well as the “Special Page “Corona-Statistics” the Federal Statistical office.

Contactfor further information

Natural population movements, demographic analyses, projections

Phone: 49 (0) 611/75 48 66

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure need be perfect.

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