MIL OSI Translation. Government of the Republic of France statements from French to English
Source: President of the Republic of France in FrenchLe President of the French Republic has issued the following statement:
Chairs (” Facilitators “) :
Olivier Blanchard is the Fred Bergsten Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Of French citizenship, he spent most of his professional life in the United States. His specialty is macroeconomics. He obtained his phd at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1977. He taught at Harvard until 1982, returned to MIT in 1982, was chairman of the department of economics from 1998 to 2003, and is now Robert Solow Professor emeritus, MIT. In 2008, he was seconded to the International Monetary Fund, as economic counsellor and director of the research department, where he remained until the year 2015. In 2018, he was president of the American Economic Association.
Jean Tirole is chairman emeritus of the ecole d’economie de Toulouse (TSE), scientific director of the TSE-a Partnership in Toulouse, a founding member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST). He is also a visiting professor at MIT. His research focuses on industrial economics, regulation and industrial banking, the theory of organizations, game theory, finance, macroeconomics, and psychology. Jean Tirole has published over 200 papers in international journals and 12 books, including in 2016 a book intended for the general public on the” Economy of common good “. He has received numerous international awards, including the Gold medal of the CNRS in 2007, and the Price 2014 of the Bank of Sweden in economic sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel.
Members leaders (” Head authors “) :
• Climate :
The research of Christian Gollier extend to the areas of the economics of uncertainty in the economy, the environment, finance, consumption, insurance, and the evaluation of public policies, with a particular interest in the long-lasting effects in the long term. The origin of the Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) with Jean Tirole, he has successively been Deputy Director of the TSE from 2007 to 2009 before being appointed Director-General of the TSE from 2009 to 2015, and again from December 2017. He has published over one hundred articles in international scientific journals. He has also published 7 books on risk including “The Economics of Risk and Time” (MIT Press), which won the Paul A. Samuelson Award “(2001), as well as “The climate after the end of the month” (PUF, 2019). In 2012, it was published by Princeton University Press in a book entitled ” Pricing the Planet’s Future “, which was presented at “6th Arrow Reading” at Columbia University. Christian Gollier is one of the principal authors of the 4th and 5th reports of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC, 2007 and 2013). In addition, he regularly advises several governments (France, UK, USA, Norway) on their policy on the evaluation of public investments. He is president of the EAERE, european Association of economists of the environment.
Mar Reguant is an associate professor of economics at Northwestern University. Previously, she worked at the Stanford GSB. She received her phd from MIT in 2011. His research uses high frequency data to study the impact of the auction design and the environmental regulation on electricity markets and energy-intensive industries. She is a research engineer at the National Bureau of Economic Research and a research assistant at the Center for Economic Policy Research. She has received several prestigious awards including a research fellowship Sloan in 2016, the price of Sabadell for the economic research in 2017, a price american presidential early career for scientists and engineers (PECASE) in 2019, as well as the price EAERE for the researchers in economics of the environment less than forty years old in 2019.
• Inequalities :
Dani Rodrik is professor, Ford Foundation international political economy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard university. He joined the Kennedy School in July 2015 after two years at the Institute for Advanced Study as a professor Albert O. Hirschman the School of Social Science. He is co-director of the network Economics for Inclusive Prosperity (EfIP) and president-elect of the international economic Association. He is affiliated with the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Center for Economic Policy Research (London) among other research organizations. The research of professor Rodrik covers globalization, economic growth and development and political economy. It has been included in the list of the top 50 thinkers in the world of magazine Prospect (2019) and in the list 50 of the magazine Politico (2017). The last book of professor Rodrik is Straight Talk on Trade : Ideas for a Sane World Economy (2017). He is also the author of Economics Rules : The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science and The Globalization Paradox : Democracy in the Future of the World Economy.
Stefanie Stantcheva is an economist and study the taxation, the inequalities, the social economy and innovation. From data and models, she seeks to understand how to design a tax system in encouraging innovation. It conducts investigations and experiences of the social economy to explore the determinants of our preferences, our attitudes and our perceptions about the economy. After a phd in economics at MIT and a junior fellowship at the Harvard Society of Fellows between 2014 and 2016, Stefanie Stancheva became a Professor of economics at Harvard University. A member of the Council of economic analysis since may of 2018, she has been named co-editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics in January 2020, becoming the first woman to occupy this position.
• Demographics :
Professor Börsch-Supan is a graduate of MIT (Cambridge, Usa) where he obtained a doctorate in economics in 1984. After working as an assistant professor of public policy at Harvard University (1984-1987) and as a professor of economic theory at the University of Dortmund (1987-1989), he has been a professor of macroeconomics and economic policy at the University of Mannheim (1989-2011). As the director of the Max Planck Institute on social law and social policy in Munich, he directs the Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA), Munich since 2011. Professor Börsch-Supan is a full member of the Academy of Berlin-Brandenburg of sciences and national Academy of the German sciences Leopoldina. It also coordinates the Survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE). In addition, professor Börsch-Supan is a member of the Board of advisors to the German ministry of economy (chairman 2004-2008). He was also a member of the group of experts of the German federal government on the demographics. Since June 2018. Börsch-Supan is a member of the pension committee “Verlässlicher Generationenvertrag” of the German federal government. He has been a consultant to the european Commission, the WHO, the world Bank and the OECD.
Claudia Diehl is chair of the Hannah Arendt 2019-2020 in German and european studies. She joined the Munk School of the University of Konstanz where she holds a chair of microsociologie. Claudia Diehl is currently working on the integration process of new immigrants in Europe and on the xenophobia and ethnic discrimination. She obtained her phd at the University of Mannheim in 2001 and has been a researcher at the research institute of the federal statistical Office of German, and professor at the University of Göttingen prior to his appointment at Constance. She is a member of the expert Council of German foundations on integration and migration and advisory Committee for family affairs. His publications include a special issue of ethnicities on the patterns of early integration of recent migrants in four european countries, an edited volume on ethnic inequalities in education in Germany and several journal articles on migration, integration and ethnic discrimination. It is to the Munk school until the summer of 2020.
Carol Propper is professor of economics at Imperial College Business School, Department of economics and public policy. His research focuses on the impact of incentives on the quality of the delivery of health care, on the design and consequences of incentives in the public sector and the boundary between the public and private markets and the impact of the environment on health. She is the current president of the Royal Economic Society. She has been associate dean of faculty and research at Imperial Business School 2016-2019, co-director and director of the Center for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol 1998-2009 and co-director of the Center for the Analysis of Social Exclusion at the London School of Economics, 1997-2007. She is deputy editor in chief of VOXEU for 2016. She is a member of the British Academy, member international of the US National Academy of Medicine and a member of the Association of Social Sciences. His research has been published in many economic journals are important and have received many awards (in 2010 and 2017, for the best paper in health economics in the world in 2010, and 2017
The other members of the commission :
Philippe Aghion is a Professor at the Collège de France and at the London School of Economics, he is also a member of the Society econometric, and the american Academy of arts and sciences. His research focuses on growth theory and innovation economy. His publications in French include the Theory of endogenous growth (with Peter Howitt, the MIT Press, 1998
Professor Sir Richard Blundell, CBE FBA holds the chair in David Ricardo’s political economy at University College London, where he was appointed professor of economics in 1984. He is a graduate of the University of Bristol and the LSE. He is director of the Centre ESRC for the microeconomic analysis of public policy at the Institute for fiscal studies (IFS), where he has been director of research from 1986 to 2016. He has held positions of visiting professor at UBC, MIT, Chicago, Northwestern, TSE and the Berkeley. He is a member of the Economic Society (1991), the British Academy, (1996), honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Science (2002) and international member of the National Academy of Science (2019). He has been president of the European Economics Association in 2004, president of the Econometric Society in 2006 and president of the Royal Economic Society 2011-2013. He was a member of the editorial board of many academic journals. His articles on microeconometrics, savings, labour supply, taxation, public finance, innovation and inequality has been published in all major academic journals. It has been one of the main authors of the IFS-Mirrlees Review : Tax Reform for the 21st Century and is currently a member of the panel of IFS-Deaton Review of Inequality.
Laurence Boone is Chief economist and Head of the Department of economic affairs of the OECD. It represents the OECD in the preparatory meetings on the financial aspect of the G20. Before joining the OECD, she was Chief economist of the Axa Group and ran at a global level the department’s Multi-Asset Client Solutions
Valentina Bosetti is the chairwoman of Terna SpA, and a professor in the Department of economics of the Bocconi University. She is a senior researcher at RFF CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment. Valentina Bosetti holds a phd in mathematics in computational and operations research from the università Statale of Milan and a master’s degree in economics of the environment and resources of the University College of London. She worked at the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei from 2003 to 2018, and has collaborated with the CMCC since 2006. Valentina has been a member of the Board of the european Association of economists of the environment and president of the Italian Association of economists of the environment. She has published several articles in the field of climate change economics and innovation of clean technologies. Valentina is currently the holder of a start up grant from the ERC on the perception of uncertainty and climate change. She completed a start-up grant from CER on innovation in energy technology and has been the lead author on the 5th assessment report of the IPCC (2010-2013) and will be lead author for the 6th.
Daniel Cohen is an economist, columnist and essayist French. A graduate of the École Normale Supérieure (1976), professor of mathematics (1976), he holds a doctorate (3rd cycle) and a State doctorate in economic sciences (1979, 1986 – Paris X). He is also an associate professor of law and economics (1988). Daniel Cohen is professor of economics at the École Normale Supérieure, Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne and the Paris School of economics and director of the Center for economic research and its applications (CEPREMAP). He was a member of the economic analysis Council (EAC) to the Prime minister between 2010 and 2012, and the scientific advisor to the development Centre of the OECD. He is chairman of the scientific council of the Fondation Jean-Jaurès. He has published numerous analytical works on the transformations of contemporary capitalism have been translated into more than ten languages.
Peter A. Diamond was awarded a phd in economics from MIT in 1963. He has been assistant professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley, until 1966, before returning to MIT as an associate professor, and has held a series of positions of the chair. It has analyzed the pension systems in many countries. He has written several books, including Reforming Pensions : Principles and Policy Choices and Pension Reform : A Short Guide (both with Nicholas Barr), and Saving Social Security : A Balanced Approach (with Peter Orszag). Peter Diamond has attracted attention in the 1960s for his work on the economic implications of the national debt. Peter A. Diamond was the co-recipient, with Dale T. Mortensen and Christopher A. Pissarides, the 2010 Nobel prize in economic sciences ” for their analysis of markets with disagreements search “. Their theoretical framework has become widely used in the analysis of the labour market to identify and explain situations in which high rates of unemployment coexist with job opportunities. In 2010-2011, he has been appointed three times by president u.s. Barack Obama to serve on the Board of the federal Reserve
Emmanuel Farhi is a professor Robert C. Waggoner of economics at Harvard University. His research focuses on macroeconomics, finance, international economics and public finance. He is a research engineer at the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Center for Economic Policy Research. He is a former member of the economic analysis Council to the French Prime minister. He received the award Bernacèr 2009 for the best european economist under the age of 40 by the Observatory of the european central Bank, the price Malinvaud 2011 of the economic Association, the French, the prize for the best young economist in 2013 by The World and the Circles of Economists, and the 2013 award of the Bank of France and the Toulouse School of Economics in Macroeconomics and Finance. In 2014, he was named one of the top 25 economists under age 45 by the IMF. He grew up in France where he attended the studies at the École Normale Supérieure. He obtained his phd at MIT in 2006.
Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln is professor for macroeconomics and development at Goethe University Frankfurt. Before joining the Goethe University in 2009, she was an assistant professor at the University of Harvard. She obtained her phd in economics at Yale University in 2004. His research focuses on the analysis of the behavior of savings and supply of labour in households, and the endogeneity of preferences. Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln is the chair of the Review of economic studies, and the Association of German economic. She received the prize Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 2018 of the German Science Foundation, the highest scientific distinction in Germany, and the price gossens and the establishment in 2016 of the Association of German economic. In 2018, it has also received a grant for the consolidation of RECS, and in 2010 a start up grant from the ERC. Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln is a member of the scientific advisory Committee of the German federal ministry of Finance and the franco-German council of economic experts. She holds numerous memberships in international research networks.
Michael Greenstone is professor Milton Friedman Distinguished Service in the economy, as well as the director of the Becker Friedman Institute, and the Interdisciplinary Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago. Previously, he was chief economist for the Council of Economic Advisers for president Obama, where he co-led the development of the social cost of carbon the United States government. He is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the Econometric Society, and former editor-in-chief of the Journal of Political Economy. Greenstone has also been a professor 3M of environmental economics at MIT. The research of Greenstone, which have influenced policy on a global scale, focusing on the discovery of the benefits and costs of the quality of the environment and the energy choices of the company. His current work is to test innovative ways to increase access to energy and improve the efficiency of environmental regulations on a global scale. As co-director of the Climate Impact Lab, he produces empirical estimates that are based on local impacts and global climate change. He has also created the Air Quality Life Index™, which converts air pollution concentrations in their impact on life expectancy and has co-founded Carbon Vault that uses the markets to allow institutions and individuals to reduce their carbon footprint.
Hilary Hoynes is a professor of public policy and economics and Chair of the distinguished Haas in economic disparities at the University of California, Berkeley, where she co-directs also the Berkeley Opportunity Lab. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Social Insurance and a member of the Society of Labor Economists. Professor Hoynes currently serves on the committee of the national Academy of sciences on the development of a program to divide by two the number of children living in poverty in 10 years and the Council of economic advisors to the governor of California. Previously, she was a member of the Federal Commission on Evidence-Based Policy Making, the executive committee of the American Economic Association, of the advisory committee of the National Science Foundation, the department of social science, behavioral, and economic group, the working group of the State of California on Out the children and families of poverty and the national advisory Committee of the research program on health policy from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Current projects include the evaluation of the effects of access to social safety nets in childhood on health outcomes and human capital, examination of the effects of the Great Recession on poverty, and the role of the safety net in mitigating the loss of income. Professor Hoynes received her phd in economics from Stanford University in 1992.
Paul Krugman is a professor emeritus at the Graduate Center of the University of City of New York (previously professor of economics and international affairs at Princeton University), Professor Centenary at the London School of Economics and a columnist for the New York Times. In recognition of his influence the Washington Monthly has called ” the political columnist of the most important of America “. In December 2008, Mr. Krugman received the Nobel memorial in economic sciences, honoring his work in the patterns of international trade. Prior to his appointment at Princeton, Krugman was part of the MIT faculty
Thomas Pilippon is professor Max L. Heine of finance at New York University, Stern School of Business. Philippon has been named one of the “top 25 economists under 45” by the IMF in 2014. He was the winner of the Bernácer 2013 for the best european economist under 40 years of age. Philippon has studied a variety of topics in macroeconomics and finance : systemic risk, mechanisms of resolution of crisis, the dynamics of business investment and household debt, and the size of the financial sector. His recent work focused on the euro zone crisis, financial regulation, and the market power of large companies. He was a member of the board of directors of the Authority of prudential regulation French from 2014 to 2019, and chief economic advisor to the French minister of Finance in 2012-2013. Philippon graduated from ecole Polytechnique, received a phd in economics from MIT, and joined New York University in 2003.
Jean Pisani Ferry
Jean Pisani-Ferry is a professor Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, european university Institute, Florence, Senior Fellow at Bruegel (Brussels) and Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (Washington DC). He teaches at Sciences Po (Paris). Commissioner general of France’s Strategy for 2013 to 2016, Jean Pisani-Ferry has joined in January 2017, the campaign of Emmanuel Macron as the director of the centre programme and ideas. He was then appointed by the Prime minister of a mission de préfiguration of the Great investment plan. From 2005 to 2013, he was the first director of Bruegel (Brussels), centre for research and debate on economic policies in Europe that he had helped to found. He had previously been director of the CEPII (1992-1997), advisor to the minister of Economy, Finance and Industry (1997-2000), and deputy chairman (2001-2002) of the Council of Economic Analysis. Jean Pisani-Ferry maintains chronic monthly in The World, and Project Syndicate. His latest book is Economic Policy : Theory and Practice (Oxford UP).
Adam S. Posen is president of the Peterson Institute for International Economics since January 2013. In the course of his career, he has contributed to research and policies concerning monetary and fiscal policies of the G20, the challenges of european integration since the adoption of the euro and the economic relations between china and the us. It was one of the first economists to seriously address the political foundations of the independence of the central bank and to analyze the great recession of Japan as a failure of policy macroénomique. While he was at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in 1994-1997, he co-authored Inflation Targeting : Lessons from the International Experience, with Ben Bernanke, Thomas Laubach, and Frederic Mishkin. From 2009 to 2012, Posen has served a three-year term as a voting member external of the monetary policy committee of the Bank of England. Posen received his BA and his phd at Harvard University.
Professor Stern is professor IG Patel of economy and government, chairman of the Gantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and director of the India Observatory at the London School of Economics. President of the British Academy, July 2013-2017, and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 2014. The professor has held academic positions in the Uk at Oxford, Warwich and LSE, as well as abroad, including at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the École Polytechnique and the Collège de France, Paris, the indian Institute of statistics in Bangalore and Delhi, and the popular University of China in Beijing. He has been chief economist of the european Bank for reconstruction and development, 1994-1999, and chief economist and senior vice-president of the world Bank, 2000-2003. It was the second permanent secretary of the Treasury of His Majesty from 2003 to 2005
Lawrence H. Summers is president emeritus of the University of Harvard. Over the past two decades, he has held a series of strategic positions in public policy, including vice-president of development economics and chief economist of the world Bank, under-secretary of the Treasury for international affairs, director of the national economic Council in the Obama administration from 2009 to 2011 and secretary of the Treasury of the United States from 1999-2001. He obtained a Bachelor of Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1975 and a doctorate from Harvard in 1982. In 1983, he became one of the youngest individuals in recent history to be appointed a professor of the faculty of the University of Harvard. In 1987 Mr. Summers became the first social scientist to receive the award, Alan T. Waterman of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and has received the John Bates Clark medal in 1993, given every two years to the american economist exception of less than 40 years. He is currently a professor Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University.
Laura D’andrea Tyson is the director of the faculty of the Berkeley-Haas Institute for Business and Social Impact, which she launched in 2013. She also chairs the board of directors of the UC Berkeley”s Blum Center for Developing Economies, which aims to develop solutions to global poverty. She has been interim dean of the Haas School from July to December, 2018, and dean from 1998 to 2001. Tyson has been president of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers from 1993 to 1995 and director of the White House National Economic Council from 1995 to 1996. She was the first woman to hold these positions. A large part of recent research at Tyson focuses on the effects of automation on the future of work. She is the co-organizer of Work and Intelligent Tools and System, a group of teachers, interdisciplinary created to explore the impacts of digital technologies and artificial intelligence on the work, income and learning. She has also devoted considerable political links between the rights of women and the national economic performances. She is also the co-author of Leave No One Behind, a report by the high level Panel of the United Nations on the economic empowerment of women (2016). Tyson is also the author on competitiveness, industrial policy, international trade and sustainable business practices.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure is not be perfect.