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Read and reread classic works that never lose their relevance.

Every evening, after finishing up, we reach for the TV remote, the laptop, which was used episodes of the TV series or the mobile — what you write on social media? But you can entertain yourself and the old-fashioned way — get a book from the shelf. In the material five variants. All books are time — proven classic.

Short Stories By Konstantin Paustovsky

Why not take a look at the familiar from school works today, they can reveal to us new facets. For example, the story “the Telegram” Konstantin Paustovsky, written in 1946. The main character is a young woman who left the village and forget about your mother-old woman. Home she returns after the telegram, sent by strangers, to say goodbye to mom.

This story in the spirit of psychological realism was one of my favourite actress and singer Marlene Dietrich. An artist, she was sensitive a brain. On her bookshelf Rilke coexisted with Goethe, and in the 1960s they were joined by Paustovsky. “Telegram,” read in English translation in the magazine, became her first and so far the absentee acquaintance with the Soviet writer. They soon met, and Dietrich some time could not utter a word.

In his autobiographical book, “Reasoning,” she wrote:

“He made such an impression on me that neither the story nor the name of the writer, which I never heard, I could not forget. I’ve never been able to track down other books by this amazing writer. When I came on tour in Russia, at Moscow airport asked about the Book… at the time He was sick was in the hospital. Later I read both volumes of “stories about life” and was intoxicated by his prose.”

The story of two photos. As Marlene Dietrich fell to his knees in front of Konstantin Paustovsky

“Turandot” By Carlo Gozzi

Travel in 1762, in Italy, where playwright Carlo Gozzi staged a theatrical revolution. The war, he went against the bourgeois plays by his colleagues Carlo Goldoni and Pietro Chiari. Gozzi bet on areal Commedia Dell’arte — with its simplicity and improvisation. Shortly after the opening of Turandot, the shows which artists of the stage turned to the audience and commented on current news, not ceasing to play, the opponents were defeated — this happy Gozzi wrote in his memoirs. Goldoni went to Paris, and Chiari has ceased to write.

What is this piece? Of course, about love. And about cruelty and about the power. In the distant China, living half-magic Princess Turandot. The father-Emperor dreams of advantageous to marry her. Turandot is a real beauty, and the contenders for her hand — the princes of all stripes — there’s no end. Everyone who at least look at her portrait, will not be able to live in peace. But the Princess doesn’t want to marry. She wants to behead. Anyone who wants to marry her must correctly answer three difficult riddles. Could not — his head from his shoulders. This continues until, while in the realm of Turandot’s father does not appear a very smart guy — also a Prince, but impoverished.

Play Gozzi has revolutionized not only the home of the playwright, but in Soviet Russia. In 1922 the Director Yevgeny Vakhtangov in the Third Studio of the Moscow art theatre, which soon after became the theatre of his name, staged “Princess Turandot”. The play, which became the last in life Vakhtangov (during rehearsals worsened the plague, and before the premiere he did not live), struck not only ordinary viewers, but also the Konstantin Stanislavsky — Vakhtangov teachers. “Princess Turandot”, set in an unusual for Russia, the genre of Commedia Dell’arte, was a progressive statement: the actors were discussing the scene with the audience the latest developments in the country.

Puzzle “Princess Turandot”. Remember the main play by Yevgeny Vakhtangov

“The storm” and “the snow maiden” by Alexander Ostrovsky

From the classics of the Italian theatre — classical theatre domestic. “The snow maiden” and “the Storm” — two very different plays, but they are United by the theme of the individual caught her in a hostile society.

To re-read Ostrovsky advises the artistic Director of the Taganka Theater Irina Apeksimova.

“Joseph and his brothers” by Thomas Mann

A novel four-volume edition of “Joseph and his brothers” by German writer Thomas Mann believed the best of his works — a better debut of the “Buddenbrooks”, for which he received the Nobel prize. The old Testament story of sold Jacob’s son Joseph, who was jealous and who vehemently hated their own brothers, the writer suffered in the times of the ancient Egyptian rulers Amenhotep III and his son Akhenaten.

Mann wrote the tetralogy the age of 17. The idea originated in 1926, when he read the Bible. It seemed to him that Joseph is extremely interesting and mysterious character, who from mere servant to become the confidant of the ruler is given too little attention. He thought long and hard about it, carefully studied the way of life and the life of Ancient Egypt and finish details, wondering what else could happen with Joseph in those days.

For example, in the 39th Chapter of Genesis very briefly mentions that the hero is unfairly accused of raping the wife of the owner. Mann shows how cruel beauty Mut-Enem was gradually becoming more in love with Joseph, tried unsuccessfully to secure his position and, in the end, decided on a despicable act. In addition, the author has invented many additional characters.

The Thomas Mann were also concerned with the main theme of the works theme of betrayal. He was deeply disappointed with what happened in the 1920s in his country. The writer did not share Hitler’s ideas and thought that have arisen under the banner of his people had abandoned basic human values.

“Joseph and his brothers” is one of my favorite books Elena Zhuk, Director of the House Museum of Marina Tsvetaeva. She said that this novel became her companion for many years.

Kipling, Mann and Wittgenstein. Favorite books of Directors of the Moscow museums

“Evenings on a farm near Dikanka” by Nikolai Gogol

One of the main mystics of Russian literature Nikolai Gogol began to write spooky “Evenings on a farm near Dikanka” in 1829 when he was only 20 years old. Craving for scary stories he’s always been, since childhood he had heard the ancient legends about mermaids, hobgoblins, and other evil spirits. In my father’s estate Vasilevka, where he grew up, superstitions and legends were held in high esteem.

For his collection he collected folk beliefs, little Russian history, information about the rites. And the story “may night, or the Drowned maiden” was preceded by an event from his life. One day, when little nick was home alone, he saw the cat, scared him terribly. The animal looked at him and hissed, arching his back and preparing to attack. The child, after hearing the terrible stories, was horrified. He grabbed the cat and threw it into the pond. Then for a long time suffered qualms of conscience — what if that cat was an enchanted human?

As for the name of the collection, there are several versions. On one of them, the mother of the future writer after the death of the first sons often went to dimancescu the Church of St. Nicholas. And their next child was named Nicholas, and he, when he grew up, also paid tribute to the sacred place, thus perpetuating it in his series of novels.

By the way, “Evenings on a farm near Dikanka” was very fond of Alexander Pushkin — he was praised and plots, and the style of narration.

Artistic Director of the Center playwright and Director Vladimir Pankov these stories were introduced by a father who read to him during the night.

Saramago, Bulgakov, Gogol favorite books Vladimir PankovFrom the girl’s field to the Danilov monastery. Guide in Moscow Gogol

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.

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