MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Moscow zoo change with the seasons: it depends on the weather, what animals you can see exactly where they live and look like cages. Some Pets love the cold, others the heat, someone uncomfortable in the rain, like a turtle, and someone bathed in the shower as elephants.
In the Moscow zoo comes the real spring. Animals awaken from hibernation and emerge from the warm indoors to outdoors. Are preparing for their new interiors and fill the pools include waterfalls and repairing the pavilions.
Unusual yet only one thing: to emerge into the light animals do not meet crowds of visitors. Zoo because of the situation with coronavirus temporarily suspended work. Some of the inhabitants of the enclosures even miss the live communication. For example, young gorillas like to play with the guests, they attract the attention of people with strikes on their chest or on the glass.
To observe how animals welcome spring you can on the Internet. Zoo staff regularly post videos to social networks and the website moscowzoo.ru. There you can watch online translation from the enclosures of giant pandas. Jouy and Dindin profit in Moscow last year, the programme for the conservation, protection and research of giant pandas and immediately became popular with the public.
The long winter months
It may seem that in winter, the zoo is not as interesting as in the summer. But his employees disagree. According to them, animals do not disappear, they still can be seen in warm cages, which are not inferior to summer. And in winter life becomes even more varied: some Pets become more fluffy as the red Fox, or change color, as foxes.
The zoo is home to over eight thousand animals, more than a thousand different types. Many of them remain on the street all year round. And if wolves, Arctic foxes, musk oxen and yaks accustomed to seeing in the winter, the other animals at this time of year can be a surprise — for example, double-humped camels, or giant pandas. Camel, who lives at the zoo, was really out there in the cold steppes and can tolerate temperatures to minus 40 degrees. And the pandas are accustomed to snowy Chinese winter.
Most of those who prefer to spend the winter in warm cages, sometimes facing the street. To walk in love, even such heat-loving animals like sloth bear, maned wolves, and zebras. And in the premises of the zoo can be in the tropics, inhabited by monkeys, birds and turtles.
Time to Wake up
In winter, the zoo hibernate only 14 animal species. But a revival nearly every one of them always becomes an event. Last season’s warm weather has made adjustments to the usual schedule of the inhabitants of the zoo.
Traditionally first woke up marmots — out of the hole they came out on February 19. Their awakening usually occurs in the first week of March, and if the winter was snowy, the marmots can sleep until the middle of the month. But this year because of the warm winter and early snow melt, the animals woke up three weeks earlier. A few days before that, the main male chetyrehmetrovuyu Archie cleared the exit of the hole from the ground, of dry grass and clay. Marmots are gradually moving away from hibernation and return to normal mode. Archie every day, several times bypasses its territory, updates, additional inputs in the hole and sweeping the dirt from the underground tunnels.
Then woke up bears. Them for a month before term was awakened by warm spring. Brown bear rose and a pair of Himalayan bears Aladdin and Budur went into an outdoor enclosure on March 6. Last year, they began to leave the artificial dens in April. The zoo — keepers have spread out for the bears treats in the outdoor enclosures: apples, pears, salad. After waking up, the predators prefer a lighter diet and gradually, in about a month and a half, they switch to a balanced diet.
While rose, Aladdin and Budur done not much time: the animals are still quite sleepy, and the morning walk, then for dinner, definitely go take a NAP. It is a natural condition for the bears, recently emerged from hibernation. In addition, the effect advanced age of the animals. Rose is 28, Aladdin — 26, and Budur — 25. In the wild they live for about three decades, and in zoos can live up to 50 years.
After marmots and bears began to Wake up to raccoons. Usually these animals fall asleep in the beginning of December, but their winter sleep in late for two months due to a long absence of snow. In the end, the Pets slept until the end of March. Keepers constantly monitor the status of raccoons and their enclosure. The animals responded well to the sleep, and gradually returning to normal life. Soon after awakening, they moved to a new enclosure with soft ground, trees, lots of cover and food puzzles, which are like raccoons.
In April, after hibernation woke up and jerboa. To their son the weather had no effect, as the gerbils hibernate in special refrigerators. Animals are in personal houses, covered with foam. Zoologists for almost six months followed weight pet and woke them up when he dropped to the summer level.
“Gerbils have moved into the enclosures along with their houses for sleeping. It wakes them up ever day to nocturnal animals yourself time to warm up to the dark time of day. While the gerbils are asleep, their body temperature dropped from 37 to approximately four degrees Celsius, and heart rate decreased from 300 to five or six beats per minute,” — said a leading experimental zoologist of the Department of small mammals Philip Tumasian.
A place in the sun
To the warm season, the zoo is beginning to prepare since the beginning of spring. Staff carry out General cleaning, change of scenery, podstavit the grass, loosen and renew the soil in the cages. Many animals are very actively testing the filling of the cages for strength. Regularly repair it is necessary, for example, in meerkats.
Today checked all the street, water system, gradually connect summer waterfalls, pools filled with predators, elephants and monkeys. Pinnipeds, beavers, polar bears and penguins swim in the pools all year round, this equipment is regularly checked.
Special care of keepers — to prepare heat-loving animals to the exit to the street. This is a very delicate and gradual process, say at the zoo. So, flamingos that spend the winter in a warm house, begin to prepare for the changeable spring weather over the last month. Every day the temperature in their enclosure is lowered by half a degree and sometimes open the door to the outside. Gradually the birds begin to emerge in the outdoor aviary. “Let them out, when the night are no more sub-zero temperatures, and in the afternoon set of stable six or seven degrees Celsius. And the first time they always have to go out in Sunny weather, because flamingos almost immediately go to bathe, and more importantly, so they can dry off,” he told a leading zoologist of the Department of ornithology Gayane Piloyan.
And ostriches and black antelope walk for a long time, sometimes even in winter. They may briefly leave even at five degrees below zero.
Little in external enclosures and other animals out. Take a stroll giraffes Samson and Lime, as well as capybaras. It is important for them that the temperature was consistently above five degrees and no cold wind. Soon will come the meerkats, which need a stable plus 10 degrees and dried the soil.
Day now can walk and elephants. Most of the ability to run on the street happy cage the elephant Philemon. His mother Pepita and sister Venus have also had time to walk around and to arrange a sand-shower which allows the animals to protect the skin from drying out and get rid of the annoying insects. At night the elephants still left in the room. As soon as the temperature will cease to fall below seven degrees, animals can spend in a cage all the time.
In anticipation of the summer
The most heat-loving animals will be waiting for more hot weather. For example, dikdik will come out only with stable excess of 15 degrees Celsius and complete absence of moisture. A pygmy Hippo Xenia — when it is above 18 degrees Celsius.
“But the heat is not like all the inhabitants of the zoo. Polar bears will be in summer snowdrifts and moat of cool water. And a pavilion of giant pandas and a rigorous climate control, which always provides the 10-23 degrees of heat and humidity not less than 60 percent. For the bears regularly prepared fruit or fish ice — freeze pure water with apples, carrots and fish in tins of different sizes,” — said General Director of the Moscow zoo Svetlana Akulova.
And while the animals are preparing for the heat and wait for the visitors to watch them online. On weekdays, the zoo staff laid out the Network recording of training and demonstration of feeding animals. And to see the enclosures on these videos is possible with the previously available perspectives — from the inside. In addition, keepers share video lectures, tours, or sketches from the life of animals.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.