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Source: US Global Legal Monitor

(Apr. 30, 2020) On April 18, 2020, the mayor of the City of Rio de Janeiro enacted Decree No. 47,375, which makes it mandatory for persons to wear nonprofessional face masks in the city, especially when using public or private means of transportation and performing work activities in shared environments in both the public and private sectors. (Art. 1.) Those who fail to comply are subject to a fine. (Art. 1(§ 6).)

The decree, which entered into force on April 23 (art. 2), took into account the emergency situation created by the COVID-19 pandemic, which was the subject of Decree Rio No. 47,263 of March 17 and Decree Rio No. 47,355 of April 8. It also noted that the situation provides an opportunity to adopt new epidemiological surveillance measures under Federal Law No. 8,080, enacted in 1990, which regulates health actions and services throughout the national territory, and Federal Law No. 13,979 of February 6, 2020, which provides for measures to deal with the public health emergency resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak. (Decree No. 47,375, preamble.)