MIL OSI Translation. Region: Spanish / Latin America / UN –
Source: Republic of Colombia
Bogotá (Apr. 30/20). The Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975 with the fall of Saigon at the hands of the North Vietnamese troops. The United States, which had promoted the greatest warlike intensity in the final part of the conflict, withdrew from the South Vietnamese capital and left the communist troops supported by China and the USSR, as those in charge of the government and the unification of the territory to this day .
However, the repercussions of the war have been countless due to its impact on the international community, and to the geopolitical consequences that resulted in the consolidation of communist governments and in the position of China, as the most important emerging power in that part of the continent. Asian.
Therefore, previously hegemonic countries in the territory, such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States, were displaced to certain economic enclaves and enabled them to face a series of humanitarian crises in terms of displacement and conflict in them. Even after four decades, these consequences continue to have an impact on populations and are the subject of research, as the large mobilizations of people and migrations transformed the population of Asian territory.
One of those humanitarian crises was the so-called Boat People, refugees who were adrift in boats and ships through the seas around the Indochinese peninsula, waiting to be rescued by some international government that would welcome their precarious situation. In this way, one of the countries that had to face the greatest crisis was the United Kingdom because its commercial enclave – the city of Hong Kong – was one of the main arrival sites for immigrants and created a complex situation of fix for all refugees.
Therefore, the Colombian Embassy in London – in cable of a meeting of the ambassador with the British diplomat Sir Arthur Hugh -, related to the Colombian government the situation of the Vietnam refugees in Hong Kong, in addition to the possibilities that our country would support diplomatically to the United Kingdom and receive some refugees in its territory. Likewise, the issue was also going to be addressed directly by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and President Turbay at a meeting in Tokyo on July 3, 1979.
Cable from the Colombian Embassy in London recounting negotiations with the United Kingdom on diplomatic support for the situation of the refugees from the Vietnam War in Hong Kong. (1979) .1
Such support to the situation of the refugees in Vietnam would serve for countries like Canada and the United States based on the special UN conferences, to give access to the most vulnerable people due to the war to their territories during the next ten years. Said determinations would be ratified at the Hong Kong Special Conference in 1989, in which Colombia supported the General Plan of Action and the determinations of the attending countries.2
Colombia’s support for the situation of the Indochinese refugees due to the Vietnam war at the special conference in Hong Kong (1989).
In this way, Colombia would be one of the countries actively committed to the situation of the refugees from the Vietnam War, which would help more than two million people to be received in other countries and help to solve the deepest consequences of displacement. product of the conflict. This, finally, led to the gradual return of a quarter of the people to Vietnam and that the so-called Boat People did not appear again on the coasts of Hong Kong or in the other ports of Southeast Asia.
Article of the Archive GIT of the Ministry of Foreign Relations.
1. Central File of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Communications, Box 48312, folder 1.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.