Source: European Parliament
Fiume, a city with a two-thousand-year history and culture, was the ancient Tarsatica, later called Flumen: first it was Roman and then Italic, like the whole of Dalmatia until the fall of the Roman Empire.
The Croats arrived in Fiume only in the 7th century, without however leaving many traces of their presence for the next thousand years. At the end of the Middle Ages, Fiume freed itself definitively from the Kingdom of Hungary and, like other Italian cities in Dalmatia, rivalled Venice until its annexation to Austria.
Fiume was returned to Italy after the Great War and remained Italian until 1947. Only after 1943 with the expulsion – and often also the physical liquidation – of the autochthonous population, most of whom were Italian, did the Yugoslav government impose the forced assimilation of the city, which was henceforth called ‘Rijeka’.
In the context of the events scheduled for ‘Rijeka, European Capital of Culture’, the city’s two-thousand-year history should be depicted in all its complexity, and the enormous contribution that Italian culture has made to the growth of the city documented with historical rigour.
However, the programme of events and the works carried out to mark the occasion are marred by numerous inaccuracies and questionable historical interpretations which fail to do justice to complex history of Rijeka.
How will the Commission safeguard the historical and cultural identity of Rijeka?