Source: European Parliament
In 2015 and 2016, the EU and Turkey signed a joint action plan (1) and two joint statements (2) with the aim of halting the flow of irregular migrants into the EU. The EU agreed to pay Turkey EUR 6 billion through a special refugee facility (3) .
In a flagrant breach of the undertakings it gave, Turkey has opened its borders for migrants intending to travel to certain EU countries through Greece, which for its part has stopped considering asylum applications from the migrants in question. Various sources have confirmed the use of violence by the Greek authorities in an effort to keep the migrants out; one person has been killed and a number injured.
All this is merely serving to exacerbate the humanitarian emergency, in particular on the Greek islands, where migrants are housed in conditions of appalling squalor.
Given that under Article 80 TFEU the Union’s migration policies are governed by the principles of solidarity and the fair sharing of responsibility among the Member States, can the Commission answer the following questions:
Does it intend to establish humanitarian corridors and quotas for the allocation among the Member States of the migrants attempting to enter Greece from Turkey?
Given the breach of the undertakings given, does it intend to take practical measures against Turkey, such as the suspension of payments?