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To whom Pushkin dedicated line “I loved you once, love you still, perhaps…” what young Yesenin swore nun like going to the theatre, turned the life of Turgenev and why wedding Tropinin brought his wife and happiness, and freedom — in the material

Life artists — mine of romantic stories, but, unfortunately, not always with a happy ending. State Museum of A. S. Pushkin, the State Museum of V. V. Mayakovsky, V. A. Tropinin Museum and Moscow artists of his time, Museum of S. A. Yesenin Museum and S. A. Turgenev’s talk about love experiences of his characters.

Joint material and the Agency “Moscow”.

Alexander Pushkin and Anna Olenina

About loving Pushkin was legendary. Wife Natalia Goncharova he called his 113th love, and it’s not really a figure of speech: the poet was don Juan list. One of the names mentioned in it, — Anna Alexeevna Olenina.

Her father Alexei served as a Director of the Imperial Public library, and was familiar with many writers. In his house there were Vasily Zhukovsky, Ivan Krylov, Nikolai Karamzin and many others. Several times visited the salon Olenin and Alexander.

Anna met Pushkin for the first time in 1819. Then about any love, was not out of the question, because she was 12 years old. The next meeting took place in 1827, when the poet had just returned from exile, at the ball of the Countess Yelizaveta Mikhailovna Khitrovo. Venison first invited Pushkin to dance. He agreed, and then he approached the girl with an offer to dance.

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At the end of 1828, Alexander decided to propose to Anna, but was refused. There are several versions of why this happened. On one of them, first, Anne and her family accepted the offer of the poet, but then suddenly I arrived at the dinner in honor of the engagement that offended the failed father of the bride. According to another version, the parents of Anna Alexeyevna was originally against the idea to intermarry with the poet: A. N. as a public servant knew that Pushkin in his works was declared unreliable and was conducted a secret surveillance.

Before to say goodbye to Anna Alekseevna, Pushkin wrote in her album a poem which today knows, probably, everyone:

I loved you: love still, perhaps,In my soul is not extinguished yet

To suffer due to a failed engagement poet did not last long. Just a few months after the break with the Venison he met Natalia Nikolaevna Goncharova, and in April, 1829, asked for her hand.

Anna A. married only after Pushkin’s death in 1840. Her lover was a French nobleman Fedor Andro, for the sake of marriage have accepted Russian citizenship. Later he was appointed official for special assignments at the Polish Viceroy. From 1847 to 1862 Andro was the President of Warsaw. The couple had been married for 45 years. After her husband’s death Anna became a nun in Korets Holy Trinity monastery.

Vladimir Mayakovsky and Veronica Polonskaya

Of course, the female name associated with the life and work of Mayakovsky — Lilya Brik. To her he dedicated the poem “About this” and the poem “a Cloud in trousers”, wrote sweet letters and drew puppies. Towards the end of Mayakovsky’s life, their relationship changed the character: Brick remained for him an important man, but his heart began to appear other women. Last Mayakovsky became Vitalievna Veronica Polonskaya.

They met in may 1929. The actress of the Moscow art Theater Polonskaya then only made his debut in cinema, playing the movie “the Glass eye” Lili Brik. With the poet she first met on the run, to each other they were represented by Osip Brik.

Polonsky was married to actor Mikhail Yanshin, but are unable to resist the charm of Mayakovsky. They met almost every day, the novel developed rapidly and soon Mayakovsky has ceased to hold the role of lover. He wanted to marry Polonsky, but she was in no hurry to divorce. This led to numerous quarrels, but every time they put up.

The tragedy that happened April 14, 1930, was preceded by several events that negatively affected the condition of the poet. In 1929 two performances, staged on the motives of his plays “the Bath” and “Bug”, were met by Soviet critics cool. February 1, 1930 was opened the exhibition Mayakovsky “20 years”. The Vernissage was invited many writers and Soviet leaders (including Joseph Stalin), but none of them came.

14 April 1930, Mayakovsky was supposed to take Polonsky during a rehearsal at the theater. Before that, they drove him to a rented room in the Lubyanka. This is where the writer reiterated their call for sweetheart to leave her husband and quit the theatre, but she again refused. After that, he gave her money for a taxi and asked to drive to the theater alone. Once Polonskaya walked out the door, a shot rang out. She immediately rushed to Mayakovsky, but he does not have to help.

Eight years after the poet’s death Veronica Polonskaya at the request of the Director of the newly established State Museum of V. V. Mayakovsky Agnes Belozerskaya recorded his recollection of time spent with the poet. The book ends with the words: “I loved Mayakovsky. He loved me. And I will never give up”.

Ivan Turgenev and Pauline Viardot

For Turgenev there was only one female French singer Pauline Viardot. The fateful meeting occurred in 1843, when Viardot was born in Saint Petersburg. Turgenev heard her voice in the Opera “the Barber of Seville” and was fascinated.

Their personal acquaintance took place at a soiree of major Alexander Komarov. Turgenev introduced Viardot as “a young Russian landowner, a good hunter and a bad poet.” First diva considered Turgenev’s just one of their many fans, however, they soon began to converge. Ivan Sergeyevich, has a unique gift of a storyteller, entertained Viardot during intermissions different stories. With her husband and Turgenev, too, quickly found a common language — both loved hunting. Each arrival of the family Viardo in Russia for Turgenev was a welcome event, and the writer visited his beloved in Paris.

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In 1862 the family came Viardot in Baden-Baden to buy a Villa there. After them went there and Ivan Sergeyevich. Since Turgenev is actually became a member of the family. In 1870 because of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war, they left for France. In 1883, Pauline Viardot, became a widow twice, may 5, from the effects of stroke died of Louis Viardot, and in two months died Turgenev.

Until the end of the writer’s life remained a deeply lonely man. He tried several times to get rid of the feelings for Viardot and start relationship, which again and again fails. “I submit to the will of this woman. No! She shielded me from everything else, so I should be. I only then there is bliss, when a woman’s heel stepped on my neck and push my face nose in the dirt,” — confessed to Turgenev to his friend the poet Athanasius FET.

Vasily Tropinin and Anna Katina

The fate of the outstanding Russian artist Vasily Tropinin can be called a finished story. His father Andrey was a serf, received from his master his freedom, but the instrument did not extend to his children. So the very first second of his life Vasily Andreyevich became the property.

The talent of the painter were from his childhood. In St. Petersburg, where the young artist was sent to study pastry in his spare time he secretly attended classes at the Imperial Academy of arts. Work tropinina saw a cousin of the owner, and then asked to pay for the tuition of the talented youngster. This decision not only allowed the young artist to develop skills, but also gave him important introduction to life in St. Petersburg he met his future wife, Anna.

Between lovers there was only one serious obstacle — in contrast to Vasily Andreevich, Anna was descended from free peasants. According to the laws of those years their wedding meant to her voluntary transition to the status of serf, but she made a choice in favor of love. One of the first orders that came Tropin shortly after graduation from the Academy was the painting of the Church of the village of Kukavka, where after completion of the work he and married lover.

In 1823, an event occurred which Tropinin was waiting for all my life, as a gift at Easter he received from the master free grammar, and after five years the freedom was given to his wife and son. Their happy family life lasted for almost 50 years and ended in 1855, when she died Anna. The loss of your wife Vasili Andreevich could not survive — two years later, he was gone.

Sergei Yesenin and Anna Satanovskaya

Sergei Yesenin for the first time fell in love when he was 16. His choice was Anna Satanovskaya, great-niece of the priest of the village of Konstantinovo, where Yesenin was born and raised. They knew each other since childhood, but sympathy came when both bit grown-up.

Their romance was doomed to difficulties in 1912, when they confessed each other’s feelings, Yesenin was in high school. He was going to leave his native village, and Anna wanted to stay and follow the example of their parents, becoming a teacher.

In a letter to his friend Gregory Panfilov Yesenin wrote about Anna: “This girl is Turgenev’s Liza in its soul and its qualities, with the exception of religious beliefs. I forgive her, I know that forever, but she will not fade from my memory when meeting with another of the same woman.”

Anna and Sergey agreed to write to each other and didn’t betray my promise, and when the poet briefly returned in Konstantinovo, they saw each other almost every minute. In the summer of 1913 they came to the nun, and gave her a childish touching the oath: “We love each other and in the future give the word to marry. Different of us, let who will change first and get married or get married that second beat with brushwood.”

Over time Satanovsky became less likely to respond to the letters of the poet. The reason for this was her passion Vladimir Olonovsky, a teacher, whom she met at school, where they worked together. In 1918 they were married, but their marital happiness was short-lived: April 8, 1921 Anna died during childbirth.

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The news about the tragedy caught the poet in Turkestan. Yesenin could not accept this news, still paced the room, and when calmed down, told my friend Ivan Gruzinov: “I had true love. To a simple woman. In the village. I came to her. Came secretly. All told her. Nobody knows about it. I’ve been in love with her. Kiss me. Sorry. She died. One of my favorite. I don’t like it.”

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.

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