Source: Small Island Developing States
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) Board approved a number of projects and programmes totaling USD 407.8 million towards reducing negative impacts of climate change on livelihoods, including through nature-based solutions. Indonesia pledged USD 500,000 towards the Fund’s replenishment, adding to the 27 pledges made during the GCF replenishment conference in October to expand the GCF’s financial reserves by USD 9.78 billion for the next four years.
The 24th GCF Board meeting took place from 12-14 November in Songdo, Republic of Korea. During the meeting, the GCF Board approved the following projects and programmes:
- USD 100 million for Catalyzing Climate Finance (Shandong Green Development Fund) in China, with the Asian Development Bank (ADB);
- USD 30 million for Carbon Sequestration through Climate Investment in Forests and Rangelands in Kyrgyz Republic (CSFOR), with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO);
- USD 16.8 million for Implementation of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) Emission Reductions Programme through improved governance and sustainable forest landscape management, with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ);
- USD 39.3 million for Building a Resilient Churia Region in Nepal (BRCRN), with FAO;
- USD 26.3 million for Water Banking and Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change in Northern Gaza, with Agence Française de Developpement (AFD);
- USD 63.6 million for Chile REDD+ Results-based Payments for results period 2014-2016, with FAO;
- USD 50 million for REDD+ Results-based Payments in Paraguay for the period 2015-2017, with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP); and
- USD 33.3 million for Blue Action Fund (BAF): GCF Ecosystem-based Adaptation Programme in the Western Indian Ocean (Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa and Tanzania), with the German development bank KfW.
As an illustration, the BRCRN project in Nepal aims to develop infrastructure to move away from unsustainable natural resource management practices, which have resulted in forest degradation, floods and soil erosion. A UN press release notes that consequent negative effects on downstream communities in the region are exacerbated by increased droughts and extreme weather events. Nepal’s Ministry of Finance, which co-finances the USD 47 million project, identified the region as “a national priority critical to Nepal’s food security and climate change policy,” and pledged to ensure that the project “brings transformational change to grassroots communities.” The project is also designed to count towards Nepal’s mitigation ambition in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Chile’s REDD+ Results-based Payments project aims to implement the country’s National Strategy on Climate Change and Vegetation Resources that will “clear the way” for activities involving more than 57,000 people, including indigenous communities, in afforestation, forest restoration and sustainable forest management (SFM).
The GCF Board approved additional support under the Simplified Approval Process (SAP) in:
The project in Lao PDR will use nature-based solutions for ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) to reduce flooding in four cities, the first of its kind to be funded by the GCF. UNEP recognizes this as “part of a much larger ‘paradigm shift’ in climate adaptation, from hard ‘grey’ infrastructure to integrated solutions that includes ‘green’ infrastructure.”
Combining co-financing by the GCF’s funding partners, the newly approved projects will channel over USD 1.87 billion to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enhance climate resilience. The new allocations raise the GCF’s total portfolio to USD 5.6 billion.
During the meeting, Board members also reviewed the GCF’s updated Strategic Plan for the 2020-2023 programming period, which aims to deliver more ambitious impact for developing countries, adopted an updated gender policy and gender action plan and a policy on co-financing, and accredited seven new entities, bringing the total number of GCF Accredited Entities to 95. [GCF Press Release on Approved Funding] [GCF Press Release on Opening of Board Meeting] [UN Press Release on Project in Nepal] [FAO Press Release on Projects in Chile, Kyrgyzstan and Nepal] [FAO Press Release on Project in Chile] [UNEP Press Release on Urban Resilience Project in Lao PDR] [SDG Knowledge Hub Story on GCF Replenishment Conference]