MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Germany –
Source: NABU – naturschutzbund Deutschland driver of a waste of resources and extinction of species
With decades of developed materials, careless handling of art to be a dangerous driver of a waste of resources and of the loss of Species. The NABU calls for of the policy that effective Action is taken to protect species and to conserve valuable resources.
Garbage carpet in the sea – photo: William Roddriguez-Schepis/Marine photo Bank
Annually nearly 400 million tonnes of plastics are produced, and six percent of global oil consumption used In the production and weathering of plastics, large amounts of greenhouse gases, while at the same time, millions of animals die of the consequences of mindful of discarded plastic waste. The entry of plastics in the seas of the country is 4.8 to 12.7 million tons per year. According to the Convention for the protection of biodiversity is documented for more than 800 marine species that they catch in plastic or it is swallowed. Micro-plastic is everywhere demonstrated, in the seas, and been in the fish or mussels.Danger detected, but not gebanntDie dangers of marine litter of the policy are known. A number of international legal and regulatory instruments to curb the problem, including action plans at the regional sea Convention for the protection of, the G7 and the G20 or the EU marine strategy framework Directive (MSFD). The European Commission has responded with the EU-plastic strategy, and the disposable plastic-policy. While the symptoms of littering in the seas, obviously, must be taken measures, but mainly on Land. The challenge lies in the protection of the sea with the fields of waste, wastewater, recycling and resource policy to blending.The round table on Marine debris, environmental sustainability, climate neutrality, resource conservation, and social and global justice must be the most important principles of political action in the plastic waste crisis. We need an effective framework in which the regulatory and funding policy guidelines sets. In 2016, the round table Marine debris was launched. This is intended to coordinate the national MSFD programme of Measures against Marine litter and its implementation support. In spite of the variety of solution options, only a few measures in the implementation are, although already in the year 2020, the Good environmental status (GES) of European seas should be.
Measures in the plastics kriseder NABU has developed twelve priority claims. You pick up on the work of the round table and would implement it with regard to other policy fields.
Less plastic to produce and consume
The Federal government must focus its policies on reducing the production and consumption of plastics and not to substitute a lump sum to the other materials. The selection of materials for unavoidable purposes should be based on the environmental impact.
International Convention against sea littering
The Federal government must commit itself to a legally binding legal framework to stop the Plastic items in the seas, without delaying to national or European requirements, and processes.
Prohibition of harmful substances in the plastic
The Federal government must act to ensure that the use of health and environmentally hazardous pollutants, the substances in the production, use, Recycling and decomposition of art as well as products and packaging made of plastic can be, to be prohibited.
Sustainable Product Design
A sustainable product design, the durability, reusability, repairability and quality recycling is ensured, must be implemented on all relevant statutory rules and regulations with clear targets.
Reusable and public procurement
The Federal government needs to introduce incentive systems for efficient reusable systems instead of disposable plastics by bio-based and/or (supposedly) biodegradable disposable-replace materials. The public procurement must be based on a “returnable” and the avoidance of disposable products and packaging. Local reusable bids must by law be made possible.
More responsibility of the industry
Manufacturers and distributors need to take more responsibility for their products and packaging, the responsibility must not stop at the counter, but must extend over the entire supply chain, including the disposal and Acquisition of cleaning costs. This “Extended producer responsibility” must be controlled and sanctioned.
The primary Microplastic ban
The Federal government must use at EU level to ban the use of primary micro-plastic, which is directly emitted into the environment. This means, for example, micro-plastic in synthetic turf in the outdoor area, or micro-plastics in cosmetics and detergents. Also, in the future, more persistent polymers, dissolved, liquid, or gel-like will be emitted must be, on the EU law on chemicals is strictly regulated.
The Emission of microplastics must be avoided materials use, use, and weathering of plastics. The Federal government needs to bind entries into soils via sewage sludge, digestate and compost in the law.
Better waste management and more controls
It must be taken at all levels measures to prevent “Littering”. In addition to the manufacturer responsibility of local waste disposal facilities and cleaning need to be improved. Area responsible, for example, in the case of public green spaces, need to be more responsible. For this, the control and sanctioning must be made through competent authorities.
More and better Recycling
The Federal government must accelerate the cycle of legislation, a high-quality plastic Recycling, the combustion of plastics to reduce materials and the market for secondary products strengths. This requires specific recycling rates for plastics from different waste fractions, recycling the use of quotas, to promote material recycling technologies and the Development of sorting and recycling infrastructure.
Waste exports to prevent regional structures strengthen
In the case of the waste, the proximity principle needs to be strengthened in order to transport wastes as far as possible on short routes between the recycling plants. Plastic waste exports to countries with insufficient recovery, Recycling and control infrastructure must be prevented. Increased controls in the waste management are essential.
Garbage entries at sea, prevent
The entry of plastics from shipping and fishing must be controlled by a binding implementation of the “Zero Discharge”principle in the framework of the MARPOL Convention defined and strictly. The loss of fishing gear must be lost through Deposit systems, as well as technical measures for the identification and locating lost Fishing gear is reduced. The use of the “Dolly Ropes” in the ground in contact to prohibit the fishing is.
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