MIL OSI-C. Mediterranean Region: Portugal
Portugal is progressing faster than the EU average on gender equality in the fields of work, income, knowledge, power, time and health.
The results were released by the European Institute for Gender Equality in the Gender Equality Index (EIGE), which places Portugal in 16th place in the European ranking, after taking 21st place in 2005.
Thus, the country obtains 59.9 points out of the 100 possible, 10 points more than in 2005 and 3.9 points more than in 2015.
Stronger developments in the area of ‘power’
The EIGE report, now released, indicates that it is in the ‘power’ area that developments between 2005 and 2017 were most pronounced, reaching 46.7 points, 24.5 points more than in 2005 and 12.8 points more than in the previous year. than in 2015. This area has thus evolved almost twice the European Union average which, between 2005 and 2017, gained 13 more points.
It is recalled that Portugal introduced a quota for legislative candidates of 33% in 2006, with the percentage of women in parliament increasing from 20% (2005) to 36% (2015).
The share of women ministers has increased as well, from 14% to 35% between 2005 and 2018, and the share of women MPs also increased, from 24% to 36% in the same period. In the case of regional assemblies, 24% of members are already women.
Progress on economic power and health
According to EIGE, Portugal has also made progress in terms of economic power and gives as an example the fact that, in Banco de Portugal’s administration, the percentage of women rose from 0% to 33% between 2005 and 2018.
It is, however, in the area of health that the country gets the highest ranking among the six areas, with 84.5 points. EIGE also notes that health satisfaction increases with each person’s level of education and decreases with age.
The report also points out that ‘gender inequality – to the detriment of women – is much higher among those with low education, single parents or people living alone’.
Work, money and knowledge
Below health comes work, with 72.5 points, in which EIGE reports that the employment rate between the 20-64 age group reaches 72% in women and 79% in men. The institute also highlights the unequal concentration of women and men in different sectors of activity, with 29% of women working in education, health or social work compared to only 7% of men, which in turn represent 31%. workers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, compared with 9% women.
With 72.1 points comes the area of money, although with 1.2 points more than in 2015. In this area EIGE points out that inequality between men and women increased between 2006 and 2014, resulting in the fact that women earn 16% less than men.
“In couples with and without children, women earn a quarter less than men,” says the report, which underlines that the risk of poverty has remained unchanged since 2005.
In the area of knowledge, Portugal ranks 23rd out of the 28 EU countries, but “has significantly improved in the realization and participation subdomains”, noting that the percentage of women graduates over 65 has increased by 11%. to 21% between 2005 and 2017.
Violence against women
The report further highlights that violence against women is a consequence and a cause of persistent gender inequalities in all areas described.
The institute estimates that between 5% and 23% of the 5835 migrant girls living in Portugal are at risk of being excised. On the other hand, there were 58 women victims of human trafficking.
Engineers for a day
In view of the reduction in sexual segregation pointed out by EIGE in some professions linked to the science, technology and engineering sector – where women represent only 9% – the Government has implemented some measures such as the One Day Engineers project, now in the 3rd edition.
The Engenheiras Por Um Dia project thus constitutes “a public policy measure that aims to deconstruct the idea that these domains are male domains” and “combat stereotypes about what is supposed to be appropriate for women and girls and which condition the options and career pathways’.
“This is a problem felt by schools, universities, companies and technology centers,” he says.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.