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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Spanish / Latin America / UN –

Source: Chamber of Deputies of Chile

The Constitution Commission recast two initiatives whose objective is to establish an aggravating circumstance of criminal responsibility for those who commit crimes against leaders of neighborhood councils. These are motions presented by deputies Marcelo Díaz (PS), in 2018, and Diego Ibáñez (CS), in 2019, respectively (newsletters 11948 and 12,926).

In their foundations, the authors indicate that the social leaders perform a task that is fundamental for the development of democracy, especially in the Chilean social context where the social fabric needs to be strengthened for the strengthening of participation and the State of Right.

In their background, they indicate that leaders have political and social functions that can lead them to be part of a community of risk within society because, many times, their job is to represent a community organization that has interests opposed to of the dominant economic groups or those of the ruling political class, which can lead to constant tension.

For the deputy Tomas Hirsch (PH), it is a project that strengthens this function, considering the dangers they may face.

“Today, we know of many situations in which neighborhood leaders suffer aggressions because of the position they hold. There are people who, for revenge or because they did not approve a certain project or do not have access to certain spaces, in short, they have ended up undermining the leaders of neighborhood boards, so we believe it is important to incorporate an aggravating factor in the law when It produces these kinds of facts, ”he said.

Access to public information

In another matter, the Commission continued with the voting in particular of the draft amending Law 20,285, on access to public information (bulletin 12,100). On the occasion, the vote on the text proposed by the Government was concluded, as stated by Deputy René Saffirio (IND).

“It establishes a set of mechanisms that make the citizens’ process more efficient to access information available to the state organs and improves the oversight mechanisms. It even improves the powers of the comptroller regarding bodies that are not state-owned, but that manage and manage resources that have a fiscal origin, ”he said.

In that sense, the deputy Jorge Alessandri (UDI) highlighted the way in which the way in which citizens can access information, as well as supervisory bodies, is perfected.

“The way in which supervisory bodies, such as the Comptroller’s Office, will be able to access the current accounts of the ministries, of the sub-secretariats of the municipalities. We also include in the audit the municipal private law corporations, municipal foundations, so that there is no public weight left without the scrutiny of the citizens first and also of the Comptroller, so that citizens can easily, on a friendly website, consult for each peso of its municipality ”,.

In the instance, an indication by deputy Tomas Hirsh was passed unanimously, which obliges public authorities to inform or record the meetings or hearings held between authorities.

On this level, meetings between co-legislators were left out, for example minister-deputies or deputies-senators, since there is a permanent work together.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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