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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Spanish / Latin America / UN –

Source: Chamber of Deputies of Chile

With the participation of public and private organizations, the Education Commission of the Chamber of Deputies focused on analyzing the issue of re-entry schools and the problems of deschooling and absenteeism, a reality analyzed mainly from the perspective of what happens with the minors who are in residences of the Sename and do not attend school.

In this regard, the Ombudsman for Children, Patricia Muñoz addressed international standards of human rights, which guarantee the right to education, and then report that, according to Mineduc figures, 157,000 children are excluded from the school system , being a group of them those who are under the care of the State.

Regarding children violated in their rights or violators of the law, he indicated that there are no official data of the Sename, but noted that, on average, 79% of those in protective residences are enrolled in formal education. Of these, the assistance of those who come from collaborating organizations is 57%; while those residing in Direct Management Specialized Repair Centers (CREAD) have an attendance of 19.4%.

Patricia Muñoz emphasized the need to take urgent measures to improve the lives of the children who are violated. “When the percentage of children excluded from the school system is associated, particularly, to those who are under the guardianship of the State, it is even more urgent and necessary to adopt these measures that generate a positive impact on the development of their lives, considering that the Education is the main mobilizer and social transformer, ”he said.

He specified that, from there, the listening disposition of the parliamentarians that make up the Education Commission and Minister Marcela Cubillos has been highly valued, to welcome positively the recommendations made from the Ombudsman’s Office.

The Office of the Ombudsman said that there is a need to implement free exams and criticized that adult education, which is accessed by minors, does not have learning standards. Likewise, he refuted that the preparation for independent life is not promoted and requested that there be adequate and permanent financing, as well as flexibility of the current curricular offer and quality assurance.

Other organisms

The director of the Súmate Foundation, of the Hogar de Cristo, Liliana Cortés, discussed the modality of school re-entry, through schools and re-entry classrooms, and the programs of educational reintegration, preventive accompaniment and early warning.

Regarding the population socially excluded from education, he indicated that 56% corresponds to men and 44% to women; while 86% belong to the urban sector versus 14% that comes from the rural world. Among other factors associated with educational exclusion, he pointed out that 41.6% of children and adolescents come from single-parent households.

The Unicef ​​Education Officer, Soledad Cortés, stated that the re-entry classrooms should belong to regular education establishments, to prevent them from being exclusive to those outside the system, which contributes to the stigmatization of children who have stories of complex and unfair life.


Legislator Camila Rojas (Common) indicated that they await the response of the National Education Council regarding this modality of school readmission.

“The diagnosis is common. In other words, there is a group of children and adolescents that today are not guaranteed the right to education and, in that sense, classrooms and re-entry schools are proposed as possible outings. The Ministry has entered a proposal to the National Council of Education to evaluate it as a modality of re-entry and, what we have done, is to ask the agency to respond promptly, because we know that this is an urgent problem, ”he stressed.

Deputy Hugo Rey (RN) valued the experience of re-entry schools, so that young people level up and can return to formal education.

“It is a very strong blow for children when they arrive at formal education, when they have not been studying for a long time. Therefore, these pre-formal schools and re-entry rooms enable and enable – and give these young people the opportunity – to be able to reinstate themselves at the appropriate age, at the appropriate age in the respective courses. For example, do as in adult education two years in one, ”he said.

He said that they have many young people who have committed a type of infraction, who have been in homes deprived of liberty and that, in fact, this type of alternative education is ideal to be able to level later with their ex-partners, with young people of similar age.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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