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MIL OSI-C. Region: Latin/Latin America

Source: Republic of Brazil

On September 25, 2019 at the latest, the Ministers of Foreign affairs of the member countries of the G-4, and Their Excellencies, the honourable Ernesto Araujo, Minister of External Relations of Brazil, Heiko Maas, Federal Minister of Foreign affairs of Germany, Mr. catholic encyclopedia Jaishankar, Ministry of Foreign affairs of India, Motegi Toshimitsu, Minister of Foreign affairs of Japan, met for the 74 session of the General Assembly of the United Nations headquarters in New York city.

The Ministers of the G-4 reiterated their commitment to reform in the short-term and in-depth Security Council, as envisioned by the Heads of State and Government at the World Summit in 2005. They emphasized the importance of efforts to reform the United Nations, and the update of its main policy-making bodies, in order to better reflect the realities of the contemporary. The Ministers of the G4, they also emphasized that the expansion of the un Security Council in both categories, it is essential to make the body more representative, legitimate and effective, thus increasing their ability to cope with the complex challenges that the world faces today in matters of international peace and security.

G4 Ministers reviewed recent efforts in the Intergovernmental Negotiations (IGN) on the UN Security Council. They expressed concern that although the Joint African Position is best reflected more than ten years after the start of the IGN, no concrete results have been achieved. They concluded that the recent session once again demonstrated that IGNs lack the necessary openness and transparency and are constrained by flawed working methods. Considering that 40 years have passed since the inclusion of the item “Equitable Representation and Increasing Security Council Membership and other Security Council-related issues” on the General Assembly agenda in 1979, the G4 Ministers stressed that they had The time has come to leave behind debates based only on general statements, without substantive negotiation. They also noted that the overwhelming majority of UN member states firmly support comprehensive Security Council reform and legitimately expect IGNs to become a more result-oriented process. Bearing in mind that in 2020 the United Nations will celebrate its 75th anniversary, the G4 Ministers expressed their firm hope that the current session of the General Assembly will pave the way for the call for a ‘reform soon’ to finally be advanced. Security Council, made by all Heads of State and Government at the 2005 World Summit. Such reform should include not only expanding the categories of permanent and non-permanent members, but also measures to increase the transparency and effectiveness of the work of the Security advice. The Ministers reiterated mutual support for their respective candidacies as aspiring new permanent members in a reformed Security Council, given their capacities and willingness to assume major responsibilities with regard to maintaining international peace and security. There is a clear need for a strengthened role of developing countries and key United Nations contributors to make the Council more legitimate, effective and representative. The G4 welcomed the commitment of Ambassador Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, President of the 74th session of the General Assembly, to advance the reform process. He fully supported Ambassador Muhammad-Bande and reiterated his call for IGN’s working methods to be updated and the soon-based text-based negotiations based on a single comprehensive document reflecting the positions and proposals of the broadly delineated member states. in the last ten years. The G4 Ministers stressed that the discussion on Security Council reform should follow the General Assembly’s standard operating procedures in a democratic and transparent manner. IGNs should be guided by the decision-making requirements and working methods set out in the UN Charter and General Assembly rules and procedures. The G4 Ministers also pointed out that member states should be given sufficient time to negotiate, using the full calendar of the General Assembly, starting as soon as possible and ending in the final stages of the 74th session of the General Assembly. Ministers stressed that the G4 will continue its engagement with other reform-oriented countries and groups to make substantive progress through the start of text-based negotiations. G4 Ministers underscored their strong support for African representation in the permanent and non-permanent membership categories in a reformed and expanded Security Council. The G4 Ministers also stressed that this strengthened representation is the only way to correct the historical injustice against that continent with regard to its underrepresentation on the Security Council. In this regard, they once again expressed their support for an appropriate reflection of the Joint African Position, as set out in the Ezulwini Consensus and the Sirte Declaration. The Ministers expressed their determination to seek concrete results during the 74th session of the General Assembly, instructing their delegations to support the efforts of the President of the General Assembly to promote Security Council reform as soon as possible.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should of the grammar and/or sentence structure not to be perfect.

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