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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Peoples Republic of China – China Statistical Information Network – Chinese –

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China 70 years ago, China’s economy and society have undergone earth-shaking historical changes. The proportion of major economic and social indicators has increased substantially in the world. The rankings in the world have been moving forward, and international status and international influence have increased significantly. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, China’s economic and social development has achieved new achievements. The major economic and social aggregate indicators have further increased its proportion and international status in the world, and its international influence has continued to increase.

 

First, China’s economic growth rate is significantly higher than the world average, and it is the first engine of world economic growth.

 

(1) China’s economic growth rate is significantly higher than the world average.

 

After the founding of New China, the Party Central Committee and the State Council vigorously promoted economic recovery and construction, and the national economy has achieved rapid development. In 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was grandly held, realizing the great turning point of far-reaching significance in the history of the party and the country since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and opening up a new historical period of China’s reform and opening up. From 1979 to 2012, China’s economy grew rapidly, with an average annual growth rate of 9.9%, which is 7.0 percentage points faster than the average growth rate of the world economy in the same period, and higher than the average level of the world’s major economies. In 2013-2018, China’s economy continued to grow rapidly, with an average annual growth rate of 7.0%, significantly higher than the world average growth rate of 2.9% over the same period.

 

(2) China has become the first engine of world economic growth.

 

From 1961 to 1978, China’s annual contribution to world economic growth was 1.1%. From 1979 to 2012, China’s annual contribution to world economic growth was 15.9%, second only to the United States, ranking second in the world. In 2013-2018, China’s annual contribution to world economic growth was 28.1%, ranking first in the world. Since 2006, China’s contribution to world economic growth has ranked first in the world and the first engine of world economic growth. In 2018, China’s contribution to world economic growth was 27.5%, an increase of 24.4 percentage points over 1978.

 

Second, China’s economic strength has increased significantly, and the main aggregate indicators have leapt to the forefront of the world.

 

(1) China’s GDP has ranked second in the world.

 

In 1952, in dollar terms, China’s gross domestic product (GDP) was $30 billion. In 2018, China’s GDP reached US$136.82 billion, an increase of 452.6 times over 1952.

 

In 1978, China ranked 11th in the world’s gross domestic product; in 2010, it surpassed Japan to become the world’s second largest economy, and has since ranked second in the world. China’s share of the world’s total economy continues to increase. In 2012, China’s GDP accounted for 11.4% of the world’s total, an increase of 9.6 percentage points over 1978. In 2018, China’s GDP accounted for 15.9% of the world’s total, an increase of 4.5 percentage points over 2012.

 

(2) The output of China’s major industrial and agricultural products has leapt to the forefront of the world.

 

Agricultural production has grown substantially, and the output of major agricultural products such as grains and meat ranks first in the world. From 1978 to 2017, the output of China’s cereals, peanuts and tea products rose from the second place in the world to the first place in the world; the meat increased from the third place to the first place; the sugar cane production increased from the tenth place to the third place.

 

The output of major industrial products has increased significantly, ranking among the top in the world. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China 70 years ago, the output of China’s major industrial products has risen sharply in the world, and has stepped into the forefront of the world. Among them, crude steel, coal production and power generation respectively ranked 26th, 9th and 25th in the world in 1949, ranking first in the world in 2017; cement and fertilizer production ranked 4th in the world respectively in 1978. The third place ranked first in the world in 2017; crude oil production rose from 27th in the world in 1949 to 5th in the world in 2017.

 

(3) China’s total foreign trade in goods and services has leapt to the forefront of the world.

 

China’s total import and export of goods jumped to the first place in the world. At the beginning of the founding of New China, China’s trade with the rest of the world was very small. In 1950, China’s total import and export of goods was 1.1 billion US dollars, ranking 28th in the world. From 1950 to 1977, the total import and export of China’s goods was only 148.7 billion US dollars, equivalent to 3.2% in 2018. After the reform and opening up in 1978, China achieved a great historical turning point from closed semi-closed economy to all-round opening. The trade in goods has achieved brilliant achievements, and its share in the world’s total import and export of goods is increasing. Upgrade. In 1978, China’s total import and export volume accounted for 0.8% of the world’s total, ranking 29th in the world. In 2012, it accounted for 10.4% of the world’s total, ranking second in the world. In 2013, the total import and export volume of China’s goods jumped to the first place in the world for the first time. In 2018, China’s total import and export of goods was 46.23 billion US dollars, ranking first in the world, accounting for 11.8% of the world’s total, an increase of 11 percentage points over 1978.

 

China’s total import and export of services has jumped to the second place in the world. Before the reform and opening up, China’s service trade was relatively backward. After the reform and opening up, China’s service trade entered a period of rapid development. From 1982 to 2018, China’s service trade grew at an average annual rate of 15.3%, and it has continued to reach a new level. In 1982, China’s import and export of service trade totaled 4.7 billion U.S. dollars, ranking 34th in the world, accounting for 0.6% of the world’s total import and export of service trade. In 2012, China’s total import and export of service trade expanded to 482.9 billion U.S. dollars. The fourth place accounted for 5.5% of the total import and export of service trade in the world. In 2014, the total import and export volume of China’s service trade jumped to the second place in the world for the first time, and ranked second in the world in 2015-2018. In 2018, China’s trade in services and imports totaled 791.9 billion US dollars, accounting for 7.0% of the world’s total, an increase of 6.4 percentage points over 1982.

 

(4) China’s foreign direct investment and foreign direct investment are among the highest in the world.

 

China’s foreign direct investment has ranked second in the world. Before the reform and opening up, China basically had no direct foreign investment. After the reform and opening up, China’s foreign direct investment has grown substantially. The amount of foreign direct investment has increased from US$0.4 billion in 1982 to US$129.83 billion in 2018, with an average annual growth rate of 25.2%. In 1982, China’s foreign direct investment ranked 29th in the world, ranking fourth in the world in 2013-2015. In 2016, it ranked second in the world for the first time. In 2018, China’s foreign direct investment amounted to 129.8 billion U.S. dollars, ranking second in the world, up 27 places from 1982.

 

China’s attracting foreign direct investment has jumped to the second place in the world. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China 70 years ago, China’s direct foreign investment has experienced a development process from scratch to small. After the reform and opening up, China’s investment environment continued to improve, attracting foreign direct investment to grow rapidly, and the world rankings increased significantly. From 1979 to 2018, China’s non-financial foreign direct investment grew at an average annual rate of 44.4%. In 1979, China attracted the 122nd place in non-financial foreign direct investment, and in 2012 it rose to the third place in the world. In 2013-2014, it ranked second in the world. In 2018, China attracted non-financial foreign direct investment of 135 billion US dollars, ranking second in the world, 120 more than in 1979.

 

(5) China’s number of outbound tourists and overseas tourism expenditures rank first in the world.

 

The number of outbound tourists in China ranks first in the world. From 1995 to 2017, the number of outbound tourists in China increased from 0.05 billion to 143 million, with an average annual increase of 17%. The number of outbound tourists in China has been increasing in the world. In 1995, it ranked 17th in the world. In 2013, it ranked first in the world for the first time. In 2014-2017, it ranked first in the world and is the world’s largest outbound travel market.

 

China’s outbound tourism expenditure has jumped to the top in the world. From 1995 to 2017, with the improvement of people’s living standards, China’s outbound tourism spending has also increased significantly. In 1995, China’s outbound tourism expenditure ranked 25th in the world. In 2013, it ranked second in the world and ranked first in the world in 2014-2016. In 2017, China’s outbound tourism expenditure was US$257.7 billion, an increase of US$254 billion from the US$3.7 billion in 1995, an increase of 68.6 times, ranking first in the world and 24 places higher than in 1995.

 

The number of inbound tourists and international tourism revenue in China has increased year by year. The number of inbound tourists in China has grown steadily, and the income from international tourism has increased significantly. In 1995, the number of inbound tourists in China ranked 7th in the world, ranking the 4th in the world in 2013-2017. In 2018, China’s international tourism revenue reached US$127.1 billion, an increase of 3.0% over the previous year.

 

(6) Modern infrastructure construction leads the world.

 

China’s total length of high-speed rail and highway total mileage ranks first in the world. By the end of 2018, China’s railway operating mileage reached 132,000 kilometers, of which high-speed rail business mileage reached 30,000 kilometers, accounting for 2/3 of the world’s total high-speed rail, ranking first in the world; highway total mileage of 4.847 million kilometers, including highway 14.3 Ten thousand kilometers, ranking first in the world.

 

Third, China’s per capita gross national income has increased substantially, and the level of people’s livelihood has improved significantly.

 

(1) China’s per capita gross national income (GNI) has continuously advanced to a new level.

 

In the 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, with the substantial increase in China’s total economic output, the per capita GNI level has also increased significantly. According to the statistics of the World Bank, in 1962, China’s per capita GNI was only 70 US dollars, and by 1978 it only reached 200 US dollars. However, after the reform and opening up, the per capita GNI level has increased significantly. It reached $9,470 in 2018, an increase of 134.3 times over 1962. The gap between the per capita GNI level and the world average has gradually narrowed. In 1962, it was equivalent to 14.6% of the world average. In 2018, it was equivalent to 85.3% of the world average, which was 70.7 percentage points higher than that in 1962. In the per capita GNI ranking published by the World Bank, China ranked 71st in 2018 (a total of 192 economies), an increase of 104 compared to 1978 (a total of 188 economies).

 

(2) China’s education, culture and medical and health standards have improved significantly.

 

China’s education industry has achieved leapfrog development. From 1970 to 2016, the gross enrollment rate of higher education in China [1] increased from 0.1% to 48.4%. In 2016, the gross enrollment rate of higher education in China was 13.4 percentage points higher than the average of middle-income countries, 10.9 percentage points higher than the world average. The gross enrollment rate of secondary education increased from 28.0% in 1970 to 94.3% in 2015. In 2015, the gross enrollment rate of secondary education in China exceeded the middle income.

 

It entered the national average of 16.5 percentage points, much higher than the world average.

 

Infant mortality has decreased significantly and life expectancy has increased significantly. Since the founding of New China 70 years ago, China’s medical and health undertakings have been greatly developed, and the infant mortality rate has been decreasing year by year. In 2017, the infant mortality rate decreased from 82.9 in 1969 to 6.8‰, a decrease of 76.1 points, which is 22.6 thousand points lower than the world average and 4.8 points lower than the average of the upper-middle income countries. .

 

In 2017, China’s life expectancy reached 77 years, an increase of 33 years from 1960, more than the world average of 5 years, and an average of 1 year over the middle-income countries.

 

The environmental sanitation conditions of residents have continued to improve. In 2015, China’s population enjoying basic environmental health services accounted for 75.0% of the total population, an increase of 14.4 percentage points over 2000 and an average of 66.1% over middle-income countries.

 

Basic drinking water services for residents in China have basically achieved universal coverage. In 2015, China’s share of basic drinking water services accounted for 95.8% of the total population, an increase of 18.3 percentage points over 2000, exceeding the average level of middle-income countries.

 

(3) China’s poverty-stricken population has fallen sharply, making great contributions to world poverty reduction.

 

According to China’s current rural poverty standards (2010 price level of 2,300 yuan per person per year), in 1978, China’s rural poor population was 770 million, and the incidence of poverty was 97.5%. At the end of 2018, the rural poverty population was 16.6 million, a decrease of 750 million from 1978; the incidence of poverty was 1.7%, which was 95.8 percentage points lower than that in 1978, with an average annual decline of 2.4 percentage points. China is the first developing country to achieve the poverty reduction goals of the UN Millennium Development Goals, and has made tremendous contributions to the world’s poverty reduction cause.

 

In the 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, under the correct leadership of the party and with the joint efforts of the Chinese people and the Chinese compatriots at home and abroad, the new China has become a GDP and a country that has been poor and weak. A socialist country with comprehensive national strength at the forefront of the world. With the complicated international situation and the increasing pressure of international competition, China’s economic and social development has withstood various major challenges, achieved remarkable development achievements, significantly enhanced its overall national strength, and contributed more and more to the international community. Great, profoundly changed the pattern of world economic development. Although China’s economic growth has slowed down in recent years, it is still a relatively high growth rate globally. In the increasingly complex international environment, the task of China’s economic and social development is still arduous in the future. However, we firmly believe that as long as under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, holding high the great banner of Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and deepening reforms in an all-round way, we will be able to achieve the continuous improvement of comprehensive national strength, international status and influence. Further strengthen and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation at an early date!

 

Note: [1] The gross enrollment rate of higher education (data from the World Bank) is calculated by dividing the number of students who are not in the age of higher education by the age-appropriate age group of the higher education age group, and multiplying by 100. .

 

(National Bureau of Statistics International Statistics Center)

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.

MIL Translation OSI