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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Germany / Germany –

Source: Destatis-Federal Statistical Office

52 % of people with a migration background are German nationals

Press release no. 314 of 21. August 2019

WIESBADEN – In the year 2018, approximately 20.8 million people in Germany had an immigrant background. As the Federal Statistical office (Destatis) communicates on the Basis of the microcensus further, this represented an increase over the previous year of 2.5 % (2017: 20.3 million). A Person has a migration background if they themselves or at least one parent was not born with German nationality. This 2018 to hit on every fourth Person in Germany.

In the year 2018, approximately 52% of the population with a migration background, Germans and 48 % of foreigners, or foreigners. About half of the 10.9 million Germans with a migration background, the German nationality since birth (5.5 million). They have a migration background, because at least one of the parents is naturalised in part foreign,, German by Adoption, or (Late-)Aussiedlerin or immigrants is.

Almost half of the immigrants to there family reasons for Migration

Of the 20.8 million people living in Germany with a migration background, around 13.5 million people were not born in this country, but have migrated in the course of your life. As the main migration motive, the proclaimed migrated for family reasons (48 %), with a further 19% it was the recording or search for an employment in Germany. For 15 % of the immigrant Exodus and asylum were the main subject. 5 % indicated that they were for Study or because of a education or training, come to Germany.

Nearly three-quarters of family reasons, immigrants come from Europe

Migrants and immigrants, the information to be for family reasons to Germany, travelled, came mainly from Europe (72 %), as well as those who came for the recording or search for a job to Germany (85 %). However, Immigrants came, and immigrants, the asylum and refugees as the main motive for Migration information, mainly from the Middle East (47 %). Those who are for a course of study or training entered Germany, came to 40 % from Europe and 38 % from Asia.

Methodological Notes:

The microcensus is a sample survey that annually, approximately 1 % of the population in Germany will be questioned. From the data collected, statements about the total population will be calculated at the data.

The Basis of the information provided here is of a migrant background in the broader sense, which is recognised for the reporting year 2017 a year makes. Previously, results were available on the Basis of this definition only, all four years (2005, 2009, 2013). With the year 2017 in addition, methodological innovations were introduced in the survey so that the results for the population with a migration background can be published in a broader sense, for in 2017, together with the results of the reporting year 2018, for the first time. The migration background in a broader sense, comprises, in contrast to the narrower Definition of the migration background of those persons who were born in Germany with German nationality, but to the time of the Survey not with their parents, lived in a household. That is, to be recognized also those people who are German and in a private household where at least one of the parents is naturalised in part foreign,, German by Adoption, or (Late-)Aussiedlerin or immigrants is. 2018 could be identified by this expanded data base, in addition to the 19.6 million persons with a migration background in a narrower sense, a further 1.2 million people with a migration background. The 2017 introduced an annual collection of this additional information allows for a continuous comprehensive picture of the population with a migration background.

The Figures refer to the population in private households and not the population in community accommodation, because of a Change in the microcensus law of migration status, as of 2017, the population in collective accommodation can be determined.

The microcensus, which is calculated on the basic Parameters of the population projection for the year 2018 at an annual average of 9.9 million foreign persons in private households. The end of the year 2018, the alien demonstrates to the Central register (AZR), in contrast, 10.9 million foreigners. The difference is mainly due to a different inventory base. The 2011 census showed that the number of foreigners living in Germany was nationals, 1.1 million persons, lower than previously thought. This effect is taken into account in the population projection and in the basic Parameters of the micro-census. In the AZR, however, no comparable inventory and corrections were made. In addition, foreigners are in contrast to the microcensus data of the AZR in collective accommodation recorded.

Population 2018 in private households by migration status
Migration status
A proportion of the total population
Number in 1 000
in %
Population in private households total
81 613
without a background of migration
60 814
with a background of migration
20 799
10 892
the course wanders
5 087
born in Germany
5 805
9 907
the course wanders
8 371
born in Germany
1 536

Detailed results for the population with a migration background, including the results for 2017, the topics page, as well as the Specialist Series 1, Series 2.2.

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Migration and Integration, migrations, population projection

Phone: 49 (0) 611/75 48 65

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure need be perfect.

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