Summing up the results of the congress, Assistant to the President of Russia Andrei Fursenko noted that genetics is the basis of all life sciences. According to him, research in this area helps our society to make a shift in agriculture, medicine and pharmacology in the direction of “nature-like technologies.” “It is necessary to see how nature copes with any pathologies and try to use similar algorithms. Thanks to the tools that fell into our hands, we can, without violating natural laws, speed up these natural processes of rejecting various violations, ”said Andrei Aleksandrovich. Congress President, President of VOGiS, Dean of the Faculty of Biology, St. Petersburg State University, Academician Igor Tikhonovich noted the largest in the history of the Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders.
More than 1,400 specialists in the field of genetics, biotechnology and breeding from 33 countries registered as participants, and the average age of participants was only 35 years old, which is very optimistic. Congress President, President of VOGiS, Dean of the Faculty of Biology, St. Petersburg State University
At the final plenary session of the Congress about the possibilities of the use of genetically modified mice as models of human diseases to the Director of the Institute for translational Biomedicine SPbSU, Russia Raul Gainetdinov. “As mice, rats and humans have approximately 99 % of our genes, rodents are an excellent model for studying functions of human genes and pathologies. Recently introduced the ability to create modified rats allows scientists to study neuropsychiatric diseases, conducting targeted genetic changes in key components of the dopamine, serotonin and glutamate systems of the brain,” said Raul radikovich.In addition, in its report on “Transgenic animals in experimental pharmacology” Raul Gainetdinov raised the issue of the use of trace amines and their receptors that can be targets for drugs against many diseases. A detailed review article Raul Radikovich on the history of studying and classifying new mechanisms for transmission of signals from cell to cell in the human body, appeared in 2018 in the July issue of the oldest industry journal Pharmacological Reviews.A report on the human microbiome was made by a prominent microbiologist, Professor at the University of California (San Diego, USA) Rob knight, who was one of the first to study the microbes that live in the human body and have a significant impact on his health.
39 trillion different microorganisms are present in the human body according to the latest estimates. The human body itself consists of about 30 trillion cells.
Researchers also compared human DNA and microbes contained in its body. According to Professor Knight, there are about 20 thousand human genes in our body, while up to 20 million microbial ones. In total, about 400 scientists made oral reports at the 7th Congress of the Vavilov Society of Genetics and Breeders, and more than 600 people participated in the poster session. . In addition to the plenary sessions, 19 thematic symposia and three round tables within the congress included two associated conferences: the III International Conference BiATA 2019 “Bioinformatics: from algorithms to application” and the international conference “Bread of the Future: Genomics, Genetics, Breeding” dedicated to the 125th anniversary All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources named after N. I. Vavilov.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This is a translation from English Language to English.