MIL OSI Translation. Region: Peoples Republic of China – China Statistical Information Network – Chinese –
The average wage of employed persons in urban units increased rapidly in 2018
——Meng Canwen, deputy director of the Department of Population and Employment Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics, interprets the average salary data of urban unit employed in 2018
The National Bureau of Statistics released the main data of the average salary in 2018 today, and Meng Canwen, deputy director of the Department of Population and Employment Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics, interpreted it.
In 2018, under the complicated and severe domestic and international situation, a series of measures to stabilize growth, promote reform, adjust structure, benefit the people’s livelihood, and prevent risks have emerged continuously. The national economy is running steadily and positively, and the employment situation is generally stable. The rapid growth, the income distribution policy that stimulated the vitality of key groups began to exert strength, laying a solid foundation for the average wage of urban workers to maintain a relatively fast growth. In 2018, the average annual wage of urban non-private employers was 82,461 yuan, an increase of 11.0% over the previous year. The growth rate was 1 percentage point higher than that of the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the actual growth rate was 8.7%. The average annual salary of urban private sector employees It was 49,575 yuan, an increase of 8.3% over the previous year. The growth rate was 1.5 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the actual growth rate was 6.1%.
1. The structural reform of the supply side has been further promoted, and the average wage growth of key traditional industries has accelerated.
The structural reform of the supply side has been further promoted, and the industries such as iron and steel have been intensively promoted, and the transformation and upgrading of high-energy-consumption and high-pollution industries has accelerated, and the efficiency of enterprises has been greatly improved. In 2018, among industrial enterprises above designated size, profits in the oil and gas exploration industry, non-metallic mineral products industry, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industries increased by 4.4 times and 43% respectively over the previous year. 37.8% and 15.9%, the average wage increase of employed people in these industries is also faster. Taking urban non-private units as an example, the average wages of the above four industries increased by 18.6%, 13.6%, 18.5% and 13.4%, respectively, an increase of 7.6, 5.4, 2.8 and 3.5 percentage points respectively over the previous year. In addition, the average wage of employed persons in the coal mining and washing industry increased by 16.8% in the previous year, and achieved a high growth rate of 15.8%.
With the acceleration of the industry to the mid-to-high end, the investment growth of the equipment manufacturing industry in 2018 is higher than the national investment average, and the average annual wage level of the employed persons in the relevant industries is also growing at a faster rate. Among them, general equipment manufacturing, special equipment manufacturing, railway, shipbuilding, aerospace and other transportation equipment manufacturing, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing, instrumentation manufacturing industries, etc. The average wage of the private sector increased by 10.6%, 14.0%, 11.8%, 11.0%, 9.3% and 13.4%, respectively, with an increase of 0.9, 5.6, 2.8, 3.8, 3.8 and 4.6 percentage points respectively over the previous year.
The infrastructure construction has been further strengthened, and the mileage of new construction and expansion of the transportation industry has increased significantly, driving the average wage growth of the industry. In 2018, the average annual wages of transportation, warehousing and postal services in urban non-private units increased by 11.4%, an increase of 2.5 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, the average wages of the railway transportation industry, road transportation industry, water transportation industry, pipeline transportation industry, loading and unloading and storage industry increased by 12.7%, 10.7%, 16.8%, 20.9% and 21.9%, respectively, with an increase of 1.8, 2.9 and 8.3 respectively. , 11.6 and 11.9 percentage points.
Second, the average wage of emerging industries is growing rapidly
The investment in innovation continued to increase. In 2018, the national research and experimental development expenditure increased by 11.6%. The scientific and technological field implemented the “distribution service” reform, and the income distribution policy for scientific researchers gradually came into effect, mobilizing the enthusiasm of scientific researchers and technological innovation. The results are fruitful and the conversion rate of scientific and technological achievements is remarkable, which creates conditions for the average wage growth in the scientific research field. In 2018, the average annual wage of urban non-private units in scientific research and technical service industry increased by 14.4%, an increase of 2.8 percentage points over the previous year, which was higher than the national average wage increase by 3.4 percentage points. Among them, the average wages of research and experimental development, professional technical service industry, technology promotion and application service industry increased by 15.7%, 13.2% and 15.9%, respectively, with an increase of 3.9, 2.2 and 2.3 percentage points respectively.
The new kinetic energy accelerated growth, and the new business model flourished. In 2018, the online retail sales of physical goods exceeded 7 trillion yuan, an increase of 25.4% over the previous year. The average annual wage of urban non-private wholesale and retail workers increased by 13.1%. It was 3.7 percentage points higher than the previous year. In 2018, the number of mobile Internet users increased by 189.1% over the previous year. The total volume of telecom services increased by 137.9% over the previous year. The average wage of telecom, radio and television and satellite transmission services in urban non-private units increased by 11.7%, an increase of 2.1. Percentage points.
Third, some service industry wages are growing steadily
With the continuous improvement of residents’ income level and consumption power, the people’s demand for a better life is continuously released, and social undertakings such as culture, sports, and health care continue to develop, and the wage levels of employed persons in related industries continue to increase. In 2018, the average annual wage of urban non-private units in the cultural, sports and entertainment industries increased by 12.3%, an increase of 2.4 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, the culture, art, sports, and entertainment industries increased by 11.2%, 27.5%, and 19.5%, respectively, by 0.5, 5.2, and 14.7 percentage points over the previous year; the average wage of the social work industry, which is based on healthy pensions, increased in the previous year. The 12.6% increase was 12.8%.
In addition, in 2018, nearly half of the provinces raised the minimum wage, and the minimum wages in some provinces increased significantly. For example, Guangdong Province rose from 1,300 yuan to 1,550 yuan, an increase of 19.2%. The increase in the minimum wage standard provides the bottoming guarantee for the low-wage groups, which in turn promotes the growth of the average wage level of urban workers.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.