MIL OSI Translation. Region: France and French Territories –
Source: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna, 7 January – According to a report released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), armed groups use human trafficking as a strategy to finance their activities or increase their numbers in the conflicts of the whole world.
According to the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, the recruitment of children for military purposes is widely documented in conflicts, including in Central Africa and the Middle East. These groups also engage in the trafficking of adults and children for mining or other extractive industries, as well as spreading fear and controlling the local population.
Women and girls are trafficked for the purposes of “sexual slavery” to boost recruitment and reward soldiers. This was the experience of Nadia Murad, UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of the Survivors of Human Trafficking and Nobel Peace Prize winner 2018, who, at the age of 19, was sold as Sex slave with thousands of other Yazidi girls and women after ISIS invaded his village in Iraq.
“Nadia Murad is the first victim of human trafficking to have been a Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations, and by sharing her experience as a slave and rape victim with Islamic State terrorists, she was the one of the spokespersons denouncing this heinous crime, “said Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC. “I urge the international community to respond to Nadia’s call for justice, and I hope this report can contribute to these efforts. “
In conflict zones, not only armed groups but also other criminals are trafficking people fleeing danger and persecution. Forcibly displaced populations have been targeted by traffickers, including Syrian and Iraqi refugees, Afghans and Rohingya. The report points out that circumstances created or exacerbated by armed conflict, such as displacement, weak rule of law, socio-economic difficulties, social fragmentation and family breakdown, increase people’s vulnerability.
The report also shows that 70% of the victims detected in the world of trafficking are women. About half are adult women, while girls make up one-fifth of all victims and their share of the total is increasing.
Sexual exploitation remains the main function of trafficking, at about 59%, while forced labor accounts for about 34% of all detected cases.
On children, the trends look slightly different. While boys are mainly trafficked for forced labor (50%), many are also victims of sexual exploitation (27%) and “other” forms of exploitation such as begging. , child soldiers and forced criminal acts. Trafficked girls are 72 per cent sexually exploited and 21 per cent forced labor.
For children, the trends look slightly different. While boys are mainly trafficked for forced labor (50%), many are also victims of sexual exploitation (27%) and “other” forms of exploitation such as begging. , child soldiers and forced criminal activities. Trafficked girls are 72% of the victims of sexual exploitation and 21% of the victims of forced labor.
At the global level, countries detect and report more victims and condemn more traffickers. The number of reported victims reached more than 24,000 in 2016, and the increase in the number of victims detected was more pronounced in the Americas and parts of Asia.
According to the study, the share of national victims, ie trafficked persons within their own country, has more than doubled, from 27 percent in 2010 to 58 percent in 2016. Most victims of trafficking who are detected in a foreign region are from East Asia or sub-Saharan Africa. This may be related to the high degree of impunity in these areas, which are often areas of origin for victims of trafficking.
However, the richest countries in the world are more likely to be destinations for victims from more distant origins, and increased international cooperation is needed to address them.
“Although we are far from ending impunity, international and national efforts to effectively implement the Trafficking in Persons Protocol have made a difference. In the past decade, the proportion of countries with no convictions increased from 15% to 9%, and some countries registered their first conviction between 2014 and 2016, “Fedotov said. “This report shows that we need to strengthen technical assistance and cooperation, help all countries protect victims and bring criminals to justice, and achieve the goals of sustainable development.
The report, produced by UNODC every two years, reinforces the link between the fight against this crime and the achievement of the United Nations Program for Sustainable Development. The 2018 Global Report on Human Trafficking is launched just weeks after the adoption of the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, which has strengthened the existing international legal framework and underlined the crucial importance of the United Nations Protocol against trafficking in persons.
Helene SpitzerOfficial de Información Pública, UNODCTelefono: (+43 1) 26060-83091Email: helene.spitzer [at] un.org
Sonya YeeRedactora y Portavoz, UNODCTelefono (+43 1) 26060-4990Movil: (+ 43-699) 1459-4990Email: sonya.yee [at] un.org
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.